After experiencing surgery, you will likely have an incision or scar site to care for at home. The way that you care for your incision can mean the difference between clean healing and an ugly scar. A healing surgery wound that reopens or becomes infected slows the healing process and puts you at risk for a surgery scar. Make sure that it stays clean and sterilized, while following all of your doctor's instructions for the best healing of your surgery scar possible.
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Follow all of your doctor's instructions for scar care after the surgery. Depending on the site and the circumstances of the surgery, your scar care instructions may be slightly different, including the application of creams or taking oral antibiotics to help stop infection. Your doctor will likely issue written instructions. Hang them where you'll be caring for your surgical scar so you can review them often.
Clean the scar on a daily basis. Make sure that you never scrub or rub the scar. Instead, clean it by working up a good lather with antibacterial soap, and then patting the suds over your scar. Leave for 15 to 20 seconds, and then rinse the soap away. Pat dry with a towel.
Change your dressings as often as your doctor instructs. To change your bandages, carefully wash your hands with antibacterial soap to clean them before touching the scar. Peel away the old dressing, making sure that you aren't removing skin as you peel. If skin is coming away with the dressing, wet the bandage and try again, suggests MedlinePlus website. Replace with a clean dressing, and tape over it with first aid tape.
Apply ointment only when your doctor instructs you to, notes Drugs.com. While antibiotic ointment can help stop infection, in some cases it can also slow the healing process. If you need ointment, your doctor will likely prescribe some, and explain how and when to use it.
Contact your doctor if you notice signs of infection. An infection can spread and slow the healing process. Signs of infection include redness, pain, swelling or a yellowish discharge, according to Merck. You should also contact your doctor if your incision opens. You may need to have the site restitched or stapled to close the wound for better healing and less of a change for scarring.