Men of any age can experience testicular tenderness after exercise. Because the testicles are extremely sensitive organs, even a minor mishap could lead to significant tenderness and pain in one or both testicles. Pain in the testicles after exercise that is severe, does not respond to home treatment or is accompanied by other symptoms requires prompt medical care.
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Either one or both testicles might experience tenderness, and the pain might wax and wane with activity. The tenderness might develop suddenly during exercise, or come on more slowly as a dull ache. In addition to tenderness of the testicles after exercise, the National Library of Website explains that men might notice additional symptoms including swelling, redness and warmth of the scrotum; fever, nausea or vomiting.
Even a seemingly minor injury during exercise could cause tenderness in the testicles. A kick or punch to the area or hard landing on the ground while exercising could cause immediate tenderness to the testicles. Severe tenderness and pain in the testicles after exercise could result from testicular torsion, in which one of the testicles rotates within the scrotum and cuts off its blood supply. Other causes of tenderness in the testicles after exercising include varicocele, which is an enlarged vein in the testicle or spermatocele, fluid buildup in the testicle.
Minor tenderness of the testicles is treatable at home with ice applied to the scrotum, along with warm baths. Elevating the scrotum by placing a rolled towel underneath the area while laying down can also help reduce tenderness and swelling. Over the counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen, aspirin or acetaminophen can also help to reduce tenderness and inflammation resulting from injuries during exercise. The National Library of Medicine website explains that tenderness resulting from testicular torsion is a medical emergency, requiring surgery to prevent loss of the testicle. Surgery is also required to treat testicular tenderness that results from conditions such as varicocele and spermatocele.
Consider wearing an athletic supporter during exercise, especially when participating in exercise and contact sports that could lead to trauma in the groin area. The National Library of Medicine website advises emptying the bladder completely when urinating, to prevent urinary tract infections that can cause testicular tenderness. Practicing safe sex can also help prevent infections that might contribute to testicular tenderness in men. In addition, men should perform monthly scrotal examinations and report any tender areas or lumps to their physicians.