If you suffer from gout, your doctor will suggest you follow a low-purine diet. Purines are compounds that break down into uric acid. Eating high-purine foods can cause uric acid to accumulate in your bloodstream, leading to painful uric acid crystals in your joints, the primary symptom of gout. Foods with a high concentration of purines include animal-based proteins like red meat, certain shellfish and organ meats. According to New York Urologic, tofu is low in purines and a good addition to a low-purine eating plan. Ask a doctor to help design a diet to control your gout symptoms.
Substitute tofu for some or all of the beef, pork, poultry, shellfish or fish in your favorite dishes, such as stir fries, noodle dishes or soups. Limit your total daily consumption of protein-rich foods like tofu to no more than 4 to 6 ounces.
Use lowfat cooking methods when preparing tofu, such as grilling, roasting or sautéeing in a small amount of vegetable oil. Avoid consuming tofu that's been breaded or coated with batter and pan or deep fried to keep your fat intake under control.
Pair the tofu in your diet with other low-purine foods such as vegetables and enriched grains like pasta and rice. Restrict your consumption of whole grains and vegetables with a moderately high purine concentration -- asparagus, spinach, mushrooms, cauliflower, dried beans and legumes -- to two servings per week.
Experiment with using pureed silken tofu as a substitute for high-fat dairy products or mayonnaise in dips or spreads. Pair the dips with low-purine vegetables or thin them with low- or nonfat milk to use as a lowfat dressing for salads.
Drink plenty of water with all your meals, including tofu-based ones, to help dilute the uric acid in your body. Aim to have 8 to 12 cups of fluid each day, with at least half consisting of water.
The Harvard School of Public Health advises limiting yourself to two to four servings of soy foods such as tofu per week. Work to incorporate other low-purine protein sources into your gout diet, such as eggs, nuts and lowfat dairy.
Avoid eating too much fat while you're trying to control gout with your diet. Excess fat can inhibit your body's ability to process and eliminate uric acid. Use no more than 3 to 6 teaspoons of added fat per day when cooking and eating foods like tofu.
- Niagara Health System: Purine Restricted Diet (Diet for Gout)
- New York Urologic: Guide for Low Purine Diet
- Health: 13 Great Recipes If You Have Gout
- NYU Langone Medical Center: Low-Purine Diet
- UPMC: Low-Purine Diet
- National Soybean Research Laboratory: Healthful Substitutions With Soy
- Harvard School of Public Health: Protein - Moving Closer to Center Stage