What Is a Body Conditioning Exercise?

The balance and strength of the tissues in your body rely largely on the amount of exercise you perform each week. This exercise increases the fitness of the tissues in your body, whether through building muscles, burning fat or increasing the efficiency of your organs.

A woman is strength training with small dumbbells. (Image: kopitinphoto/iStock/Getty Images)

Muscle Conditioning

One of the main aspects of a body-conditioning exercise is how it affects your muscle tissues. All conditioning exercises include some form of movement or resistance training. As this resistance is placed on the muscles, microscopic tears develop in the tissues, activating cells that build up the muscle tissues and conditioning the muscle group for similar exercise movements in the future.

Heart Conditioning

Not only are skeletal muscles conditioned by conditioning exercises, but the heart muscle also is conditioned. When you exercise regularly, the need for energy in your body increases. For new energy to be created, plenty of oxygen needs to be available in your bloodstream. To transport this oxygen, your heart beats faster, speeding up the delivery of both oxygen and nutrients to your cells. Like any muscle, the harder the heart muscle works, the stronger it becomes. This increase in strength translates to the heart not having to work as hard to pump blood throughout your body.

Lung Conditioning

Conditioning exercises also help strengthen your lungs. In order to supply the bloodstream with the necessary oxygen needed to create energy, the lungs must inhale and exhale enough oxygen to sustain you during exercise. When you make conditioning exercises a habit, this increases your respiratory rate and helps increase the amount of time you can exert energy without running out of breath. Conditioning exercises also increase the overall health and strength of your lungs.

Recommendations for Adults

To benefit from body conditioning workouts, you must exercise regularly. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention suggest getting at least 150 minutes of moderately intense aerobic exercise and at least two days of strength-training exercise each week. Jogging, swimming, cycling, weight lifting, and playing sports are some activities you can do to help condition your body.

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