Pressure in your chest may occur with or without pain and arise at various times for various reasons. Some people describe chest pressure as the feeling of a band tightening around the chest or a heavy object sitting atop it, according to BetterMedicine.com. A pressure sensation can come from a condition occurring in any part of your chest, including your chest wall muscles, esophagus or heart. If your symptoms follow eating, they may be linked to particular foods, the manner in which you ate or a medical condition. If your symptoms are severe or accompany pain, a rapid heartbeat or difficulty breathing, seek medical attention.
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Conditions associated with chest pressure after eating range from mild to serious. Heartburn is a common and mild cause that may worsen if you bend over or exercise after a meal, according to MedlinePlus. Frequent heartburn may indicate gastroesophageal reflux disease, a condition in which the stomach contents leak backwards from the stomach into the esophagus; this backwards movement is called acid reflux. Reflux is what causes heartburn. Chest pressure may also stem from anxiety, eating too fast or too much, obesity, pregnancy, or a hiatal hernia, where a portion of the stomach protrudes through an opening in the diaphragm, making way for acid reflux. Chest discomfort that lasts more than a few minutes may signify a heart attack.
Particular foods might trigger chest pressure related to heartburn, GERD and hiatal hernia. Common triggers of all three conditions, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center website, include acidic foods, such as tomato sauce, coffee and orange juice, as well as alcohol, chocolate, peppermint and spearmint, carbonated beverages, and fatty foods such as French fries, fatty meats and full-fat dairy products.
If you are prone to chest tightness after eating, consult your doctor to determine whether a medical condition is at play. Eating more antioxidant-rich foods, such as berries, tomatoes, bell peppers and squash, and foods rich in calcium and B vitamins, such as beans, almonds, whole grains and dark leafy greens, may help reduce symptoms of GERD, heartburn and hiatal hernias, according to the UMMC website. Also, avoiding refined foods, such as sugary foods, white bread and enriched pasta, while including lean protein sources, such as lean meats, soy and cold-water fish, in your diet can help, too. Stay well-hydrated by drinking water throughout each day and avoid foods that seem to trigger or worsen your symptoms.
To lower your risk for chest pressure and other symptoms of GERD, heartburn and hiatal hernias, avoid lying down after eating, stop smoking, slow your eating pace, exercise regularly but not immediately following a meal, and maintain a healthy weight. A heart-healthy diet, which emphasizes fiber-rich, whole foods, such as whole grains, fruits and vegetables, and limits unhealthy fat sources, such as red meat, butter and cheese, can lower your risk for heart attack and other cardiovascular conditions, according to MedlinePlus. Cold-water fish, such as salmon, mackerel, halibut and flounder, provide healthy fats called omega-3 fatty acids, which may help reduce inflammation and guard against heart disease.