Klonopin, the brand name for clonazepam, belongs to a class of drugs called benzodiazepines. Klonopin is mainly prescribed to treat anxiety, panic attacks and seizure disorders. Klonopin works by enhancing the activities of neurotransmitters that reduce excess brain activity. Researchers believe that excess brain activity causes anxiety and other psychiatric disorders, according to PubMed Health. Klonopin may slow your metabolism.
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Metabolism is the process by which your body breaks down carbohydrates, fats and proteins into energy that can be utilized by your body. Klonopin may slow metabolic processes that convert food into energy. If you are taking Klonopin, you may experience weight gain. Consult your doctor if you experience excess weight gain while taking Klonopin.
Dietary modifications may help reduce excess weight gain during Klonopin therapy. Avoid or limit intake of high-calorie and fatty foods such as whole milk, cream, ice cream, bacon, hot dogs and fried foods. Increase intake of fiber-rich foods such as whole grains, fruits and vegetables. The fiber content of food may help prevent excess weight gain by reducing your appetite.
Klonopin is available in regular and orally disintegrating tablets. Swallow Klonopin tablets with a full glass of water. Do not take more tablets than prescribed. Follow your doctor's or pharmacist's instructions. Do not use Klonopin if you are allergic to Klonopin or other benzodiazepines or have severe liver disease. Avoid taking Klonopin with alcohol, as alcohol increases the effects of Klonopin.
During Klonopin therapy, you may experience common side effects such as dizziness, drowsiness, headache, loss of coordination, blurred vision, dry mouth, loss of appetite, nausea, constipation and difficulties falling asleep, according to Drugs.com. Seek immediate medical attention if you experience shallow breathing, decreased urination, abnormal heart rate, hallucination or confusion.