A spoonful of sugar does more than make the medicine go down. Too many of these spoonfuls can have detrimental effects on your health. When consumed in excess, sugar can cause a number of metabolic problems, including insulin resistance, diabetes and obesity. Many foods contain naturally occurring sugar; after all it is your body's primary fuel source. However, refined sugar added to processed foods plays a role in excess calorie consumption.
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Knowing the Numbers
The amount of calories in sugar depends on the type. Regular granulated sugar and brown sugar have similar calorie contents at 33 and 35 calories respectively in 2 teaspoons. Powdered sugar has almost double the calories with 2 teaspoons containing 62 calories. This amount may not seem like a big deal. However, the primary sugar offenders, which are soft drinks, contain several teaspoons of sugar. Some sodas contain 13 teaspoons of sugar per 12-ounce serving, according to Harvard School of Public Health. If you want to reduce your sugar intake, limit sugar-sweetened drinks.