Tapioca flour, or tapioca starch, comes from the cassava plant. This gluten-free starch can help improve the flavor and texture of gluten-free baked goods. Gluten is responsible for building the structure of breads and other baked goods, giving these foods a characteristic chewy texture. Tapioca flour can help add body to your gluten-free recipes, making them feel like more traditional recipes.
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Gluten-Free All-Purpose Flour
For most of your baking needs, you can create a gluten-free all-purpose flour blend containing tapioca flour. Combine 1 part tapioca flour, 2 parts potato starch and 6 parts brown rice flour. When using this flour in traditional recipes, substitute an equal amount of the gluten-free blend for the amount of all-purpose flour.
Gluten-Free Bread Flour
If you are making gluten-free bread, mix together 3 parts millet and 3 parts sorghum with 2 parts each of potato starch, cornstarch and tapioca flour. For variety, you can replace some of the millet or sorghum with oats, quinoa flour or teff flour.
Gluten-Free Cake Flour
For a more delicate cake flour, combine approximately equal amounts of white rice flour, potato starch and tapioca flour. Add a bit more of the rice flour and the potato starch. Use this blend to replace equal amounts of cake flour called for in traditional recipes.
Because much of gluten-free baking is an art, not a science, you can experiment with the proportions in these blends until you achieve your ideal texture. Tapioca flour adds a bit of springiness to your baked goods. If the texture of your baked goods is too springy, reduce the amount of tapioca flour slightly. Additionally, if you are converting a traditional recipe to a gluten-free recipe containing tapioca flour, you will need to decrease the amount of liquid slightly because wheat flour is more absorbent than gluten-free flours are.