While breaking down the body into constituent body parts may not always be the ideal way to exercise, knowing which exercises are more efficient and functional is key when putting together a quality routine. Also, it's not only which exercise is best, but, more importantly, how that exercise is executed. A poorly executed exercise will limit your results and could result in injuries.
The following slides will provide some of the best exercises for each body part along with which repetition schemes are recommended for each and detailed instructions on how to perform them. You can perform the exercises shown in a circuit fashion targeting that body part or use the exercises individually within another routine (full body, upper-lower split, etc.).
Some of the exercises are classics you may be familiar with, and others you may have never heard of. Every exercise may not work for everyone, but these moves will provide a good base to start building your own workout.