So, you have a major event coming up in two weeks that you want to look great for. Unfortunately, you're not quite where you want to be weight-wise and the things you've been doing have resulted little to no results. How do you lose weight fast in just 14 days?
While there's no magic potion for dropping pounds ASAP, successful, long-term weight loss comes down to one simple thing: a caloric deficit. Essentially, that means burning more calories than you consume. You can do that through cutting calories from your diet or exercising more or a combination of both.
Since you're facing a tight deadline, you may think that crash dieting and spending hours a day at the gym will help you create an even bigger deficit and thus lose more weight. And while that may be true in the short-term, it can result in regaining the weight you lost (and then some). It can also be detrimental to your future weight-loss efforts and overall health. Take the smarter approach by following these six steps.
Step 1: Set a Realistic Goal
Having a goal makes it easier to stay focused and on track in the next two weeks. Even if you have a bigger overall weight-loss goal (say, 20 pounds or more), a good rule of thumb is aiming for one to two pounds lost a week, according to the Mayo Clinic. Four pounds in two weeks will take discipline and commitment, but it's an achievable goal — unlike 15 pounds.
Read more: How to Set a Realistic Goal Weight
Step 2: Do a Bit of Math
To create a calorie deficit, you need to figure out your total daily energy expenditure (TDEE), or the amount of calories you burn a day. And to get this number, you'll first calculate your basal metabolic rate (BMR), the rate at which your body naturally burns calories without any added activity. According to the American Council on Exercise, the formulas are
- For men:
9.99 x (weight in kg) + 6.25 x (height in cm) – 4.92 x (age in years) + 5
- For women:
9.99 x (weight in kg) + 6.25 x (height in cm) – 4.92 x (age in years) – 161
To get your TDEE, multiply by an activity factor.
- For sedentary people, with little to no exercise, multiply by 1.2.
- Lightly active (exercising one to three days), multiply by 1.375.
- Moderately active (exercising six or seven days a week), multiply by 1.55.
- Very active (exercising every day and sometimes twice a day), multiply by 1.725.
Once you have your TDEE, subtract 250 to 500 calories to get your recommended daily caloric intake for weight loss. Or to avoid having to crunch all these numbers yourself, use a calorie-tracking app like MyPlate, which will calculate your caloric need based on your current weight, activity level and weight-loss goal.
Step 3: Track Calories and Macros
Now that you have your daily calorie goal, you have to stick to it in order to reach your weight-loss goal. Write down everything you eat each day or record it in an app. Make sure you're eating a healthy balance of macronutrients (aka macros), too. These include carbohydrates, protein and fat.
A typical macro ratio is 40-percent carbs, 30-percent protein and 30-percent fat. You can get your carbs from fresh fruits and vegetables and whole grains. Protein should come from lean poultry or fish (or vegetarian sources like beans and tofu). And get your healthy fats from sources like olive oil and avocados.
Step 4: Be Strategic About Meals
How many meals you eat a day depends on your preferences and schedules. But many people find that eating five or six small meals a day helps to keep their appetite under control and prevent any overeating at meals. Start your day with breakfast, mid-morning snack, lunch, mid-afternoon snack and dinner.
Alternatively, some people find a strategy with fewer meals works better for them. This could be either three larger meals (breakfast, lunch, dinner) or narrowing your eating window with intermittent fasting (ex. only eating between the hours of noon and 8 pm).
Step 5: Drink More Water
Dehydration can actually cause your body to retain water, which can make you look bloated. And since thirst can often be confused for hunger, drinking glasses of water throughout the day or before a meal can help you avoid overeating or mindless snacking.
The general guideline you may have heard is eight 8-ounce glasses of water a day. The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine recommends the following:
- About 15.5 cups of fluids for men
- About 11.5 cups of fluids a day for women
This should mostly come from water, but it can also come from the foods you eat (especially fruits and vegetables) and other beverages.
Step 6: Get Moving
The other side of the equation is burning calories, which means being more active. The American College of Sports Medicine recommends that a healthy adult should be doing at least 150 minutes of physical activity a week — about 30 minutes a day. Here are some ideas to get you going:
- Go for a 30-minute jog or walk first thing in the morning to set a healthy tone for the day.
- Ride your bike to and from work or while doing a few easy errands.
- Take frequent breaks at work for a quick 5- to 10-minute walk.
- Incorporate strength training, which helps increase muscle mass and boost your metabolism.
- Do a few high-intensity interval training (HIIT) workouts each week to help bolster your daily caloric burn in less time.
Read more: How to Tone Up Quickly for Your Big Event
Before starting a new diet, workout or weight-loss program you should consult your doctor first.
- The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine: Dietary Reference Intakes for Electrolytes And Water
- American College of Sports Medicine: The Science of Exercise
- Mayo Clinic: Weight loss: 6 strategies for success
- American Council on Exercise: Resting Metabolic Rate: Best Ways to Measure It—And Raise It, Too
- American Council on Exercise: 7 Things to Know About Excess Post-exercise Oxygen Consumption (EPOC)
- Adipocyte: Increasing muscle mass to improve metabolism