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Diet Plan for Uric Acid

author image Janet Renee, MS, RD
Janet Renee is a clinical dietitian with a special interest in weight management, sports dietetics, medical nutrition therapy and diet trends. She earned her Master of Science in nutrition from the University of Chicago and has contributed to health and wellness magazines, including Prevention, Self, Shape and Cooking Light.
Diet Plan for Uric Acid
Bacon has high amounts of purines Photo Credit: Norman Powell/iStock/Getty Images

Uric acid is the result of your body breaking down purines, substances found in various foods. Your kidneys filter uric acid from the blood, where it is then excreted in urine. When uric acid remains high, you can develop gout or kidney stones. You must reduce your purine consumption to lower the amount of uric acid in your body. A typical diet contains 600 to 1,000 milligrams of purines daily. A low-purine diet typically restricts you to between 100 and 150 milligrams each day.

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Avoid High-Purine Foods

Fruit options at market
Fruit options at market Photo Credit: adisa/iStock/Getty Images

Your physician will determine the best course of action if your uric acid level is high. A low-purine diet involves avoiding foods with excess purines, which are primarily found in animal foods. Foods rich in purines include bacon, herring, mackerel, sardines, scallops, shrimp, veal, venison and yeast extract. Recommended foods include all fruits, pastas, enriched cereals, eggs, peanut butter and nuts, and cheese. You can enjoy most vegetables, but limit mushrooms, green peas, spinach, asparagus and cauliflower. These contain moderate amounts of purines.

Other Tips

Liquor bottles on bar shelf
Liquor bottles on bar shelf Photo Credit: Ryan McVay/Photodisc/Getty Images

Besides avoiding high-purine foods, aim to limit alcohol consumption. Alcohol raises purine production, according to the University of Pennsylvania Medical Center. In addition, stay well hydrated by consuming 8 to 12 cups of water daily. This dilutes uric acid. Other tips include limiting meat servings to 3 ounces per meal, and limiting foods high in fat, such as ice cream and fried foods. Fat causes uric acid to remain in the kidneys for a longer period of time, according to the UPMC.

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