Health Benefits & Side Effects of CoQ10

Senior surfers at the beach
Two mature surfers on the beach. (Image: Ronnie Kaufman/Blend Images/Getty Images)

Coenzyme Q10 is required by every cell in your body. You make most of the substance, but you can get some of it by eating meat and seafood, according to the Linus Pauling Institute. Two forms of coenzyme Q10 exist. Ubiquinone is found in most coenzyme Q10 supplements. The body changes ubiquinone to the antioxidant form, ubiquinol, which then enters the blood inside lipoproteins and moves to various tissues. Ubiquinol also can be purchased as a supplement. Coenzyme Q10 supplements are not regulated by the Food and Drug Administration. Coenzyme Q10 may be helpful for a number of conditions.

Blood Pressure

According to MedlinePlus, studies show coenzyme Q10 may lower blood pressure. If you take medication for high blood pressure, you may be able to decrease your dose. Check with your doctor before making any changes to your medications. There is some evidence that coenzyme Q10 is effective for lowering isolated systolic hypertension by up to 26 percent. Isolated systolic hypertension describes the condition in which only the systolic, or top number taken in a blood pressure reading is high. This often occurs in the elderly.

Heart Attack

Starting coenzyme Q10 within 72 hours of a heart attack and continuing it for one year appears to lower the risk of subsequent non-fatal heart attacks, according to MedlinePlus.

Cancer

The American Cancer Institute reports that studies done in laboratories, some using animals, indicate that coenzyme Q10 may help the body fight infection and certain cancers. In the lab, coenzyme Q10 stopped concentrations of cancer cells from growing. It also helped protect the hearts of animals given an anticancer chemotherapy drug called doxorubicin, which can damage heart muscles. Studies still need to be done to prove effectiveness in humans.

Migraines

According to MedlinePlus, coenzyme Q10 taken orally helps prevent migraine headaches. It seems to decrease migraine frequency by up to 30 percent in adults, although it can take much as three months to see the benefits. It shows no benefit in treating existing migraines.

Parkinson's Disease

Some research indicates that coenzyme Q10 slows decline in people in the early stages of Parkinson’s disease. However, it does not seem to help people with mid-stage Parkinson’s, reports MedlinePlus.

Side Effects and Interactions

Side effects of coenzyme Q10 supplementation vary, according to MedlinePlus. Some people experience loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or allergic skin rashes. These effects can usually be reduced by dividing the dose and taking it at different times of the day. People with low blood pressure should use coenzyme Q10 with caution since it can lower blood pressure further. Children and pregnant or breast-feeding women should only use it under a doctor’s supervision. There is a potential for interaction with some chemotherapy and high blood pressure drugs and with the blood thinner, warfarin. Consult your doctor before using coenzyme Q10.

REFERENCES & RESOURCES
Load comments
PARTNER & LICENSEE OF THE LIVESTRONG FOUNDATION

Copyright © 2019 Leaf Group Ltd. Use of this web site constitutes acceptance of the LIVESTRONG.COM Terms of Use, Privacy Policy and Copyright Policy. The material appearing on LIVESTRONG.COM is for educational use only. It should not be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. LIVESTRONG is a registered trademark of the LIVESTRONG Foundation. The LIVESTRONG Foundation and LIVESTRONG.COM do not endorse any of the products or services that are advertised on the web site. Moreover, we do not select every advertiser or advertisement that appears on the web site-many of the advertisements are served by third party advertising companies.