Foods to Relieve Gallbladder Attacks

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A close-up of artichokes for sale at a market. (Image: jatrax/iStock/Getty Images)

The gallbladder is responsible for storing bile enzymes until they are needed to absorb and digest fats. Gallstones, which are made up of calcium salts, cholesterol and bile pigments, can develop in the bile ducts or gallbladder and make it difficult to digest fatty foods. Several foods can help you relieve gallbladder attacks. Eating healthy foods can help you avoid the severe pain associated with gallstones or other conditions.

High-Fiber Foods

Supplying your body with enough fiber is vital for relieving gallbladder attacks. As a result, it is better to obtain fiber from your diet instead of supplements. Fiber binds to fat and assists the body in transporting waste through the digestive tract. Fiber-rich fruits include dried figs, strawberries, blueberries, raspberries, oranges, bananas and raisins. Pastas and grains that provide fiber include air-popped popcorn, enriched cereals, whole-wheat brown rice and spaghetti and oat bran muffins. Fiber can also be found in vegetables, such as turnip greens, artichokes, peas, broccoli, raw carrots, baked potatoes, artichokes and baked potatoes with skin. Almonds, pecans, lima beans, pistachios, baked beans and lentils are also high in fiber.

Low-Fat Foods

Since bile is used to absorb and digest fats into your body, consuming fatty foods can contribute to gallbladder attacks. When your gallbladder attempts to release bile, gallstones can cause associated pain that lasts for hours. High-fat foods should be replaced with low-fat alternatives. Instead of whole milk, use skim milk which contains reduced amounts of fat content. Breads that contain eggs or cheese can be replaced with whole-grain cereals or breads. Other low-fat food choices include raw or steamed vegetables, fruits, fat-free soups and fruit juices.

Carbohydrates

People who follow low-carbohydrate diet regimens are at an increased risk for developing gallstones, according to the Medical University of South Carolina. To relieve gallbladder attacks, consume a diet rich in fruits and carbohydrates. Complex carbohydrates include vegetables, brown rice and whole-grain cereals and breads. Fruits that are high in nutrients and low in fat include bananas, grapefruit, apples, pears, cranberries, lemons, grapes, plums, pineapples, oranges and melons. Fruits should be eaten whole or in their natural juices to avoid additional calories and sugar.

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