Many won't have even heard of nucleic acids, and even fewer will know how beneficial to the body's overall function they can be. However, when integrated into the diet effectively, nucleic acid foods can provide numerous valuable advantages.
Nucleic acids are polymers of acidic mononumeric subunits known as nucleotides. In simpler terms, nucleic acids are what make up DNA, which in turn makes up the genetic information of cells in the body. RNA is also a common form of nucleic acid, which is key in all living cells and plays a vital role in the production of proteins.
Read more: What are Nucleic Acids Made Of?
Nucleic Acid Foods
- Seafood: Fish and sardines have the highest levels of nucleic acids, but it isn't only animal-based foods that are good sources of nucleic acids. Chlorella is plant-based edible algae that is also high in nucleic acid.
- Nuts: A strong source of nucleic acids, as well as possessing high protein and unsaturated fats, which can aid with the prevention of heart problems.
- Vegetables: A positive addition to any diet, a study published in January 2018 in the journal Nucleic Acids Research also advises that vegetables can be high sources of nucleic acids, particularly Chinese cabbage, cauliflower, spinach, beans and broccoli.
- Mushrooms: The 2018 Nucleic Acids Research study also revealed that mushrooms are among the foods that are high in nucleic acids, especially flat, whitecap and oyster mushrooms.
- Yeast: Hydrolyzed and autolyzed yeast, often found in vegetarian microwaveable meals, is also a source of nucleic acids.
- Meat: Animal muscles are naturally high in nucleic acids, so chicken and red meat, such as beef and pork, are great sources.
Functions of Nucleic Acids
Nucleic acids are made up of nucleotides, which are molecules that are essential to almost every biological process in the human body. They aid with gut repair, they encourage cellular growth, and they strengthen the immune system.
Nucleotides also assist in muscle growth, the neutralization of toxins and regular cellular metabolism, in addition to helping the antioxidants in the body carry out their processes to reduce chances of damage from oxidative stress.
Though ordinarily the human body is capable of naturally producing enough nucleotides to aid the body's processes efficiently, if the body is under unusual stress, then fortification of nucleic acid intake can help it maintain itself without fear of cellular breakdown. Dietary additions, via nucleic acid-rich foods, help keep the body operating at the level of health it should.
Read more: Why Humans Need Nucleic Acids
Nucleic Acid as RNA
RNA, or ribonucleic acid, is a form of nucleic acid that has multiple benefits for the human body that transcend the transfer of hereditary information (which DNA allows for). A study in the International Archives of Allergy and Immunology and a study in the Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology demonstrate that RNA can have such effects as:
- Increased energy
- Anti-anoxia (reducing shortness of breath)
- Enhanced body temperature regulation
- Enhanced cognitive abilities
Read more: What Does the Body use Nucleic Acids For?
Purchasable Online Supplements
There are also RNA supplements that can be purchased to fortify intake, but it is advised that these be approved by a chiropractor or other health care professional as opposed to being purchased online, as there is no way of confirming the shelf life of supplements bought from the internet. When it comes to health, it's better not to take any risks.
- ScienceDirect: "Nucleic Acids"
- Encyclopedia Britannica: "Nucleic Acid"
- Nucleotide Metabolism Explorer: "Dietary Nucleotides"
- Nubound: "10 Foods That Are High in Muscle-Building Nucleotides"
- Selene River Press: "The Warming Power of RNA"
- Oxford University Press: "Nucleic Acid Research"
- National Science Review: "Non-Coding RNA: A New Frontier in Regulatory Biology"
- Scientific Reports: "Digestion of Nucleic Acids Starts in the Stomach"
- International Archives of Allergy and Immunology: "Dietary Nucleic Acid and Intestinal Microbiota Synergistically Promote a Shift in the th1/th2 Balance Toward th1-Skewed Immunity"
- Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology: "Dietary Ribonucleic Acid Suppresses Inflammation of Adipose Tissue and Improves Glucose Intolerance That Is Mediated by Immune Cells in c57bl/6 Mice Fed a High-Fat Diet"