Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD, is a neurological condition that afflicts both children and adults, causing a loss of ability to concentrate and increased erratic or hyperactive behavior. Several medications prescribed for this disorder have become controversial due to their side effects and risk of abuse, addiction and withdrawal. Adderall is one such medication for ADHD that contains powerful chemicals called amphetamines. The B vitamins also affect mood and cognitive function, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center. Consult your doctor before taking any vitamins or supplements with Adderall.
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The brand name medication Adderall contains powerful chemical compounds called amphetamines. This prescription drug is commonly used to treat ADHD, hyperactive conditions and narcolepsy. According to the website Drugs.com, active amphetamine compounds help to treat ADHD and other related disorders by blocking the reuptake of the neurotransmitter or chemical messenger dopamine by the neurons while increasing the uptake in certain nerves of the brain. Adderall can help control ADHD symptoms when taken exactly as prescribed by your doctor.
Symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder vary in range and severity and include the inability to focus, concentrate and pay attention for normal periods, hyperactivity and impulsive or erratic behavior. The website HelpGuide notes that medical research has not yet determined the exact causes of ADHD. Individuals with ADHD may have imbalances in the frontal cortex region of the brain, the area involved in reasoning, planning, focusing and problem-solving tasks. Neurotransmitters in the brain transmit these functions between neurons in the brain, and low levels of these chemical messengers may lead to neurological effects. Vitamins, specifically vitamin B12, are essential for neurotransmitter production and neuron health in the brain.
According to the National Institutes of Health, a deficiency of vitamin B12 has been linked to neurological effects such as depression, confusion, loss of focus and concentration, poor memory, cognitive decline and dementia. Low levels of vitamin B12 cause an accumulation of a compound called homocysteine in the blood, which may decrease substances needed for neurotransmitter production in the brain. Vitamin B12 and vitamin B6 also directly help to protect cognitive function by helping to maintain neuron health in the brain, according to the site HelpGuide. These nutritional effects may help treat ADHD, but it not yet known if a vitamin deficiency contributes to symptoms of this disorder
The prescription medication Adderall is a powerful stimulant that can be beneficial in treating ADHD symptoms. However, it can also cause severe side effects, particularly in individuals who don't actually need the medication or who abuse it. Side effects of Adderall include irregular heartbeat, increased blood pressure, fainting, insomnia, tremors, low libido, impotence, constipation and diarrhea. Drugs.com warns that Adderall is also highly addictive because the amphetamine compounds it contains cause a surge of adrenaline and stress hormones that create a "high" sensation. You should take this medication only exactly as prescribed and under the supervision of your doctor.