Anal mucus is a possible symptom of several conditions that affect the area of the anus and rectum. Vitamins may be part of treatment or a prescribed diet for some causes of anal mucus, but they may also be harmful depending on your condition. Do not try any alternative treatments for your condition unless your doctor advises you to do so.
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If you pass mucus, blood or pus through the rectum, you may suffer from a condition known as proctitis, which describes an inflammation of the lining of the rectum. Pain in the anus or rectum, changes in bowel movements, rectal bleeding and a frequent urge to defecate are also potential signs of this condition. The primary causes of proctitis are sexually transmitted infections, though intestinal bowel syndrome and bacterial infections are other possibilities. The University of Maryland Medical Center suggests that those with proctitis consume foods high in B vitamins, calcium and magnesium. These foods include beans, almonds, whole grains, dark leafy green vegetables and sea vegetables.
Anal mucus is also a symptom of anal cancer. Other symptoms include a jellylike discharge form the anus, rectal bleeding, pain in the anal area, lumps around the anus, fecal incontinence, itching around the anus, diarrhea, constipation and other changes in bowel movements. Women with anal cancer may also have vaginal dryness and possible pain in the lower back if a tumor puts pressure on the vagina. If you have anal cancer, it is generally safe to take a multivitamin that provides no more than 100 percent of recommended daily intakes. According to the University of Pennsylvania Abramson Cancer Center, taking vitamins A, C and E may interfere with cancer treatment. Your physician should give you specific instructions regarding diet if you are diagnosed with anal cancer.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Irritable bowel syndrome, or IBS, is a severely uncomfortable condition that affects 1 in 5 Americans, according to the National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse, but does not cause permanent damage to the intestines. If you have IBS, the lining in parts of your gastrointestinal tract is inflamed, causing common symptoms including abdominal pain and bloating. Other symptoms include infrequent bowel movements, constipation and diarrhea. You may experience mucus with IBS if you find yourself straining or cramping while attempting to have a bowel movement and then are able to pass a small amount. The mucus moistens and protects passages in the digestive system. A study published in December 2006 in the "Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica" journal found that the use of a supplement improved IBS symptoms, including decreased pain, abdominal distension and better regulation of bowel movements. The supplement, known as IBS Active, contained vitamin PP, vitamin B-1, vitamin B-2 and vitamin B-6, along with probiotics, vegetal charcoal, L-tryptophan, inulin and angelica.
Crohn's disease is a chronic disorder leading to inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. Typically, the inflammation affects the colon or small intestine or both. The cause is unknown. The most common symptoms include diarrhea, abdominal cramping and pain, rectal bleeding and fever. Some people with Crohn's also experience mucus, pus or stool coming from an area around the anus caused by a fistula. A fistula is a possible complication of Crohn's that happens when inflammation or a tear in the lining of the anus causes the development of a tunnel that leads either from one loop of the intestine to another, or leads from the intestine to the skin, bladder or vagina. A fistula near the anus results in drainage of fluids like mucus around the opening. The development of nutritional deficiencies over time is common among people with Crohn's disease. These deficiencies are correctable with supplementation. Your doctor can check your vitamin levels and suggest vitamin supplements if needed.
- National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse; Irritable Bowel Syndrome; September 2007
- "Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica"; Treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A Case Control Experience; M. Astegiano, et al.; December 2006
- University of Pennsylvania Abramson Cancer Center: Colon, Rectal and Anal Cancer
- Medical News Today; What Is Anal Cancer? What Causes Anal Cancer?; Christian Nordqvist; July 2009
- Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America: About Crohn's Disease
- University of Maryland Medical Center: Proctitis