The Best Way to Cook a Boneless Beef Chuck Shoulder Pot Roast

A boneless beef chuck shoulder pot roast offers both good taste and good nutrition for a family dinner. A 3-ounce serving of lean beef — about the size of a deck of cards — provides protein for healthy weight along with essential nutrients such as B vitamins and iron, according to the USDA.

A boneless beef chuck shoulder pot roast offers both good taste and good nutrition for a family dinner.
Credit: BWFolsom/iStock/GettyImages

The best way to cook a beef shoulder roast is found in its name — pot roasting, also known as braising, whose long cooking time helps break down the meat's connective tissue for a tender result.

Read more: Is Pork Better Than Beef?

Braising Your Beef Shoulder Recipe

Step 1: Choose Your Boneless Shoulder Roast

Select a roast that is bright red in color with little marbling from fat.

Recognize that a chuck roast goes by many names: chuck seven-bone pot roast, chuck blade pot roast, chuck arm pot roast, shoulder pot roast and chuck pot roast. They're all very similar cuts, as described by the University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

Step 2: Add Oil, Brown and Season

Place a small amount of oil in a heavy pan over medium heat. A mildly flavored cooking oil such as canola is best.

Brown the beef slowly on all sides, then pour off the drippings. Season the roast with salt, pepper and/or garlic, as desired.

Step 3: Add Your Liquid

Add enough liquid — water, broth, wine, beer or juice can be used — to rise about one-third of the way up the side of the roast.

Step 4: Cover and Simmer

Cover the pan tightly and allow the contents to simmer gently on the stove top or in an oven preheated to 325 degrees Fahrenheit.

To cook vegetables with the roast, let the meat cook alone for two hours. Then, add the vegetables and cook an additional 30 to 45 minutes.

Step 5: Cook Until Fork-Tender

Cook two to three hours until the meat is fork-tender. To determine beef's doneness when braised, insert a two-pronged meat fork into the chuck roast's thickest part.

The meat is done when the fork goes in without resistance and comes out easily when pulled. If desired, use the pot liquid to make gravy or sauce.

To reduce risk of foodborne illness from harmful bacterial growth, cook your beef until the internal temperature reaches at least 145 F, as advised by the USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service.

Read more: A Roast Beef Recipe That Makes for the Perfect Entrée and Next-Day Sandwiches

Things You'll Need

  • Large pot with tight-fitting lid

  • Two-pronged meat fork

  • 2.5- to 4-pound boneless chuck roast

  • Cooking oil

  • Salt, pepper or other seasonings such as garlic

  • Cornstarch to make gravy, if desired

  • Vegetables, such as carrots, onions, celery or potatoes

Tips

For gravy, skim the fat from the braising liquid; then measure 1 cup of liquid, adding water as needed.

Thicken the liquid with a slurry of 1 tablespoon of cornstarch dissolved in 1 tablespoon of water. To make sauce, skim the fat, transfer liquid to a small pan and reduce.

Warning

Don't overcook chuck roast. A properly cooked chuck roast can be separated into chunks with a fork. An overcooked roast will pull apart in "strings" of meat when separated with a fork.

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