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Dry Throat Remedies

by
author image Noreen Kassem
Noreen Kassem is a hospital doctor and a medical writer. Her articles have been featured in "Women's Health," "Nutrition News," "Check Up" and "Alive Magazine." Kassem also covers travel, books, fitness, nutrition, cooking and green living.
Dry Throat Remedies
Hot tea usually soothes a dry throat. Photo Credit pecaphoto77/iStock/Getty Images

Overview

A dry throat is a common symptom that often occurs during the cooler months when the humidity of the air tends to be low. It can occur any time, however, depending on the cause. Common culprits include head colds, allergies, sinus congestion, smoking, environmental irritants and other conditions that lead to mouth breathing. A dry throat typically triggers irritation in the area beyond the back of the tongue called the pharynx. Throat pain and mild swallowing difficulty might accompany a dry throat. Home remedies often help reduce dry throat discomfort.

Saltwater Gargle

Dry Throat Remedies
Saltwater gargle Photo Credit JackF/iStock/Getty Images

Salt inhibits the growth of some disease-causing germs, although the amount in a saltwater gargle isn't sufficient to kill them. Nonetheless, gargling with saltwater can relieve throat dryness and irritation. To soothe your dry throat, try gargling with warm saltwater up to 3 or 4 times daily for 30 to 60 seconds before spitting the liquid into the sink.

Demulcent Herbal Teas

Dry Throat Remedies
Herbal tea with honey Photo Credit OndrejVladyka/iStock/Getty Images

A demulcent describes a substance that temporarily relieves inflammation and irritation of mucous membranes, such as the throat lining, by forming a protective coating. Teas made with demulcent herbs -- including licorice root, slippery elm and marshmallow root, among others -- can potentially soothe a dry throat. Adding honey, which also has demulcent properties, might further ease your throat discomfort.

Sipping Fluids

Dry Throat Remedies
Ice water Photo Credit Wavebreakmedia Ltd/Wavebreak Media/Getty Images

When your throat is dry, sipping fluids can ease your discomfort by providing moisture to the area. Increasing your fluid intake can also help prevent or treat dehydration, which might contribute to throat dryness. Some people find hot fluids most soothing while others prefer cold liquids, particularly if your throat is sore. Take frequent sips of whatever fluid provides the most comfort for you. Avoid alcohol, which can make dry throat symptoms worse.

Humidify The Air

Dry Throat Remedies
Humidifier Photo Credit Jose Elias/Hemera/Getty Images

Use of a furnace or heater during cool months often causes low indoor humidity. This can lead to drying and irritation of the throat. Using a household humidifier or room vaporizer to add moisture to the air may relieve a dry throat, especially during sleep. Both cool and warm mist vaporizers soothe and moisturize a dry throat. If you don't have a humidifier or vaporizer, taking a shower or breathing vapor from a bowl of warm water might provide temporary relief.

Throat Lozenges

Dry Throat Remedies
Lozenges Photo Credit Keith Wilson/Hemera/Getty Images

Sucking throat lozenges or hard candies soothes a dry throat by directly moistening the tissues and stimulating the production of the saliva. Choose sugar-free candies or lozenges to avoid exposing your teeth to sugar for prolonged periods. Chewing sugar-free gum might also provide relief as it stimulates saliva production, which then moistens your throat.

Warnings and Precautions

Dry Throat Remedies
See a doctor if you have a fever. Photo Credit Chepko Danil/iStock/Getty Images

A dry throat is often a minor, temporary symptom that usually doesn't pose a significant health risk. However, throat dryness sometimes indicates a medial problem that could require treatment. See your doctor if your dry throat is accompanied by persistent or worsening throat pain, difficulty swallowing, a lump in your neck, or hoarseness or a voice change lasting more than 2 weeks. Seek immediate medical care if you experience any warning signs or symptoms, including:
-- coughing up blood
-- difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
-- whistling or wheezing when you breathe
-- high fever or chills

Reviewed and revised by: Tina M. St. John, M.D.

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