Receding gums are a long-term complication of periodontal disease -- inflammation of the gums. Periodontal disease can induce significant oral pain, bleeding gums and loss of adult teeth. Also, the American Dental Hygienist Association reports that periodontal disease may increase your risk of cardiovascular disease and other highly prevalent chronic diseases. CoQ10 may aid in the relief of periodontal disease and receding gums.
The underlying cause of periodontal disease is a bacterial infection, the Mayo Clinic Foundation reports. Risk factors for periodontal disease include smoking, genetics, alcohol abuse, poor dental hygiene habits and nutrient deficiencies. Over time, periodontal disease can lead to the destruction of gum tissue, teeth and your jaw bone. Common treatments for periodontal disease include antibiotics and surgical grafting.
CoQ10 is a naturally occurring antioxidant that's present in every human cell. Like all antioxidants, CoQ10's job in the body is to reduce oxidation -- a harmful process that destroys healthy cells. CoQ10 supplements are commonly used to help reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. CoQ10 may also reduce the oxidation that contributes to periodontal disease.
Elevated levels of oxidation in the mouth can make your tissue more susceptible to infection. According to a review published in the December 2010 "Indian Journal of Pharmacology," many individuals with periodontal disease have abnormally low levels of CoQ10 in their gums. A research study published in a 1994 issue of "Molecular Aspects of Medicine" found that the application of a CoQ10 gel helped relieve symptoms in adults with periodontal disease when combined with traditional therapy.
Periodontal disease is a serious oral health issue that should be treated by a dentist. As with all dietary supplements, CoQ10 should not be administered without the approval of a doctor. The "Indian Journal of Pharmacology" paper notes that CoQ10 has a stellar safety record and is well tolerated by most people. In addition to CoQ10 gel, you can help to treat existing periodontal disease by brushing at least twice daily, flossing, using mouth wash and using an electric toothbrush to help clean between your teeth.
- Mayo Clinic Foundation: Periodontitis
- "Indian Journal of Pharmacology"; Role of coenzyme Q10 as an antioxidant and bioenergizer in periodontal diseases; S Prakash et al.; December 2010
- "Molecular Aspects of Medicine"; Effect of topical application of coenzyme Q10 on adult periodontitis; T Hanioka et al.; 1994 Supplement