The medical term for eye twitching is blepharospasm. Eye twitching is when the muscles in the eye area twitch or spasm involuntarily. The twitching can occur in the eyelid or under the eye.
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It's usually a temporary and harmless condition that goes away without any medical treatment. But since the condition is annoying, it is good to know a few tips to try to stop the twitching.
Get some rest to relax the body. Overworked eye muscles and an overtired body can cause the eyes to twitch. Get a full eight hours of sleep at night. Take 15-minute breaks every two hours throughout the day from reading, working on the computer, watching television or any other eye intensive activity. When twitching acts up, go into a dark or dimly lit room to give the eyes a chance to rest.
Use over-the-counter saline eye drops whenever your eyes feel dry. Apply the eye drops three times a day or as directed on the label.
Eliminate caffeine from your diet. Caffeine can cause eye twitching. Cut out caffeinated sodas, caffeinated coffee and chocolate from your diet.
Reduce stress. Stress brings on eye twitching in some people. If stress seems to be the cause of twitching, practice relaxation techniques to calm yourself. Deep breathing, prayer, listening to classical music and counseling are examples of techniques you can use to reduce stress.
See a doctor if the eye twitching causes your eyelids to fully close or if the twitching lasts for longer than a week. Medical treatments that a doctor may prescribe for the treatment of eye twitching include botox injections to temporarily paralyze the muscles that are twitching or medications to calm the muscles.
Common medications prescribed for eye twitching are muscle relaxants or anti-seizure medications. In rare cases where eye twitching does not go away on its own or does not respond to treatment, a surgery can be performed to cut and immobilize the muscles responsible for the twitching.