Fitness & Gym Equipment Maintenance Procedures

The average fitness center patron may not realize it, but keeping a gym operating smoothly is an ongoing process with numerous important procedures. One of the most important responsibilities for the fitness center owner or manager is the maintenance of the equipment. According to the American Council on Exercise, a little preventative maintenance can keep the fitness center can a safe, productive environment for all members.

Weight and tie sit on the floor in a gym. (Image: abezikus/iStock/Getty Images)


The most frequent maintenance task is to wipe down all mats, seats, benches, cardio consoles and pads. This task should be performed multiple times per day with a clean rag and water-based disinfectant. To prevent too much disinfectant from being sprayed into the air, spray directly into the rag before wiping down the pad. Post signs throughout the gym requesting members wipe the equipment after us. Provide them paper towel dispensers throughout the facility. According to, clean equipment prevents the spread of communicable illnesses through viruses and bacteria and makes the fitness center a pleasant experience for members.

Oil Machines

Resistance machines have moving parts that must be lubricated at least a monthly basis. For resistance equipment, spray silicone into a clean rag and apply it to the weight tracks. Spray the silicone into the bearings and move them to ensure they can move freely. Most cardiovascular machines such as treadmills are self-lubricating. Check the oil reservoirs and fill them according to the manufactures' instructions.

Maintain Adjustable Barbells

Dirt, dead skin, rust and lifting chalk can collect in barbell's knurling. Each week, use a wire brush to scrape them clean. Oil the bearings every month so the sleeves can spin freely.

Check all Equipment for Wear

Each week, do a walk-through of the facility to identify worn or broken equipment. Check machine and bench pads for tears and cracks. Examine cables to identify fraying or tears in their rubber coating. Check fixed barbells and dumbbells to make sure the weights are securely attached. Immediately fix or replace any equipment that presents a safety hazard.

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