Indian cuisine, especially the vegetarian dishes, can be some of the healthiest meals you can choose.
If someone has high blood pressure and would like to try eating a plant-based diet to bring it down to a healthier level, then vegetarian Indian cuisine could be the way to do it without the boredom of eating what might otherwise be bland meals.
Indian dishes include a broad variety of distinct regional foods, which cover an equally vast range of unique traditions spread across the Indian subcontinent. But there's one thing they all have in common: delicious and healthy vegetarian options.
Consult your doctor or dietitian to help you design the best vegetarian diet plan that will provide all the nutrients the body needs to stay healthy and maintain the energy levels needed to get through the day.
What Causes High Blood Pressure?
According to a 2013 article in Current Hypertension Reports, high blood pressure can develop as a result of both genetic and environmental factors.
What Is a Vegetarian?
Someone is considered to be a vegetarian if they avoid meat and eat mostly plant-based foods. Plant-based foods include all vegetables, fruits, grains, and legumes (beans and peas). There are several different diets that are considered vegetarian, with some vegetarians also including certain dairy products, eggs and even fish in their diet.
Vegetarian Indian Foods and the DASH Diet
According to the Mayo Clinic, the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet is an effective way to reduce high blood pressure by changing what we eat.
The DASH diet is a plant-heavy diet, that includes lots of fruits, vegetables, nuts, low-fat and non-fat dairy, lean meats (like chicken and fish) and heart-healthy fats. Many Indian dishes easily meet (or can be modified to meet) the DASH diet guidelines.
Indian Dishes With Magnesium and Potassium
According to this 2017 article in the American Heart Association (AHA), potassium, which is found in foods like bananas, yams and avocado (common ingredients in Indian cooking), will help maintain healthy blood pressure.
Some Indian dishes that include these ingredients include:
- Pazham pori, a type of banana fritter popular in the Southern Indian region of Karala
- Avocado Paratha, a soft Indian flatbread made with avocado
- South Indian yam curry, slow cooked with yams, carrots, cauliflower, spinach
The AHA also reports that magnesium may also lower blood pressure. Foods rich in magnesium include spinach, almonds, peanuts and cashews; also foods commonly found in many Indian dishes. Try these Indian nut dishes to get magnesium on a vegetarian diet:
- Indian cashew curry sauce, which goes well with almost any vegetable dish
- Chaat masala, made with boiled peanuts, turmeric, onions and tomatoes
- Almond korma, made with spiced almonds, tomatoes and coconut gravy
Other Vegetarian Indian Food Choices
According to an article from the Mayo Clinic, when trying to lower blood pressure through diet, also remember to include foods that are rich in fiber, calcium and protein. Try to avoid choices high in sodium and saturated fat.
Healthy vegetarian Indian options that fit this profile include:
- Whole-grain chapati
- Brown rice
- Nonfat milk or yogurt
- Fruits such as apples, dates and sapota
- Vegetables such as potatoes, cauliflower, tomatoes and mung bean sprouts
Vegetarian Indian Food that Isn't so Healthy
Some Indian foods that, although vegetarian, you may do better to skip if reducing blood pressure is a consideration are; spicy bonda (deep fried vegetables), the sweet, donut-like, rice flour confection called ariselu and the fried bread puffs called Chole bhature (they're drenched in vegetable oil or lard). The high fat and sugar content of these foods may encourage weight gain, which can raise blood pressure.
Things to Avoid With High Blood Pressure
Diet isn't the only thing that can affect our blood pressure. Too much salt, certain habits, exercise and our weight can also influence it.
- Smoking tobacco
- Drinking alcohol excessively
- Becoming obese
- Not getting regular exercise
- National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute: Your Guide to Lowering Blood Pressuer
- The American Association of Physicians of Indian Origin: Indian Foods: AAPI's Guide to Nutrition, Health and Diabetes
- American Heart Association:How Potassium Can Help Control High Blood Pressure:AHA Staff:(2018)
- Mayo Clinic:DASH diet Healthy eating to lower your blood pressure:Mayo Clinic Staff:(N.D.)
- Current Hypertension Reports:Dietary Approaches to Prevent Hypertension:Lydia A. Bazzano, et al,:(2013)
- CDC:Salt:CDC Staff:(N.D.)
- CDC:High Blood Pressure Fact Sheet:CDC Staff:(N.D.)
- AHA:Magnesium may modestly lower blood pressure:AHA Staff: (2016)
- Biomed Research International:Animal Models in Cardiovascular Research: Hypertension and Atherosclerosis:Xin-Fang Leong, et al.:(2015)