Almost everyone experiences fluctuations in weight loss and gain throughout life. There can be a variety of causes for weight loss or gain including over or under eating, medication, sedentary lifestyle and illness. If you are experiencing weight loss that you can't explain, it could be the sign of a serious medical condition. Determining the exact cause of your weight loss, will help pinpoint a diagnosis and get the right amount of treatment.
An unintentional weight loss is generally an indication that something is going on internally. Sometimes the onset of a disease identifies itself with fluctuations in weight that are the result of the body's metabolism changing or the immune system fighting off disease or foreign bodies. In mental health cases, having feelings of sadness or anxiety can also trigger an unintentional weight loss, notes Help Guide.com. It is important to determine the cause so that you can get the right treatment and help.
Losing 10 percent or more of your total body weight over the course of a six month period is considered a health problem, explains MayoClinic.com. Sudden drastic loss of weight followed by nausea, vomiting and general malaise could indicate a parasite or blood borne illness. This could be from the parasite invading your blood stream and your internal organs. Other causes of unintentional weight loss could also be cancer, diabetes, gallbladder disease, liver disease, depression, bacterial infection, hyperthyroidism, or a malabsorption disorder.
Other than a visible indication that you are losing weight, you may also see that your body is changing shape. Your bone structure could also be affected as it begins to accommodate a smaller frame. You could also see sagging skin or stretch marks on your skin, especially if your weight loss is sudden and drastic. Gastrointestinal problems along with diarrhea and possibly a fever could also accompany an unintentional and sudden weight loss.
Weight loss that continues or begins to affect your health should be taken seriously. Some illnesses such as cancer, gallbladder disease, liver diseases and infection need to be addressed immediately so proper treatment can be instilled. If you are suffering from severe depression and thoughts of suicide and have weight loss, this could mean you are not nurturing your body properly without realizing it. Ask for support and treatment to prevent yourself from further harm.
Once a diagnosis can be made; your doctor will prescribe a regimen for treatment. This could include a variety of things including prescription drugs, physical therapy, psychotherapy, surgery or a feeding tube if you are severely malnourished. If you have a cancer diagnosis, your doctor will go over treatment options with you right away and plan the best course of action to help cure or assist with the progression of your disease, explains Merck. This should include medications that will help curb nausea and vomiting.