Those who prefer a glass of chardonnay with dinner, as a relaxant before bed or on social outings, should know how many extra calories you are adding to your daily diet. You might not think a glass of wine contains many calories, but its nutritional information could surprise you.
A glass of chardonnay contains 123 calories for one serving of 5 ounces or 147 grams. This serving of white table wine also includes 128 grams of water for hydration.
Calories in Chardonnay
Although brands of chardonnay wine can vary, in general a 5-ounce pour of this adult beverage contains 128 calories, according to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Because chardonnay is a fermented product of grapes, some of the calories do come from carbohydrates, although the majority of calories stem from the alcohol content itself.
You won't get any fat or protein from chardonnay, but a 5-ounce glass of the wine does have more than 3 grams of carbohydrates. This equates to at least 12 calories from carbs in chardonnay because you'll get 4 calories per gram of carbohydrate.
The remaining calories — about 90 percent of the overall calories — are from the almost 16 grams of alcohol. This means about 110 calories in your 5-ounce glass of chardonnay are strictly from alcohol. Other nutritional information of a serving is as follows:
- No fiber
- 1.41 grams of sugars
- 13.2 milligrams of calcium for healthy bones
- 7.35 milligrams of sodium to regulate hydration imbalance
- 26.5 milligrams of phosphorus to help create protein for the growth and repair of cells and tissues
Chardonnay also contains trace amounts of iron, zinc, copper, manganese, selenium, fluoride, folate and vitamin B12.
According to the BBC, chardonnay is a grape variety used to make dry wines and is used as the foundation of champagne. The grape's main characteristics are the white color that ranges from pale to yellow gold and the body vacillates from medium to full. The flavors offer a tropical or citrus fruit taste, and an aged chardonnay wine in oak can add toast, butter and bacon scents.
Health Benefits of Chardonnay
Typically you find red wine as the health star of the adult beverage industry, but white wines like chardonnay can offer health benefits. These include the following:
Improve glucose control. Drinking chardonnay can benefit those with Type 2 diabetes. In an October 2015 study published in the Annals of Internal Medicine, researchers gave 224 participants who didn't drink alcohol before starting the trial 5 ounces of red wine, white wine or mineral water to drink with their dinner for two years.
The researchers performed genetic tests to show how quickly the participants metabolized alcohol. They found that slow alcohol metabolizers showed more improvements in glucose control tests than fast alcohol metabolizers, no matter if they drank red or white wine.
Slow weight gain. Researchers report that this particular white grape, chardonnay, beats the red grapes when it comes to slowing weight gain. In a February 2014 article from the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, chardonnay grape seeds were found to alter of the work of genes related to how you metabolize fat. The chardonnay grapes also have an anti-inflammatory effect.
Reduces heart disease. The American Heart Association says that light to moderate wine consumption can reduce heart disease — but you need to drink in moderation. Heavy drinking can have the adverse effect and lead to high blood pressure and cardiovascular events.
- United States Department of Agriculture: “Alcoholic Beverage, Wine, Table, White, Chardonnay”
- BBC: “Chardonnay”
- Annals of Internal Medicine: “Moderate Wine Intake in Adults With Type 2 Diabetes”
- Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry: “Dietary Supplementation of Chardonnay Grape Seed Flour Reduces Plasma Cholesterol Concentration, Hepatic Steatosis, and Abdominal Fat Content in High-Fat Diet-Induced Obese Hamsters”
- American Heart Association: "Wine and Cardiovascular Health"