Heavy drinking increases cancer risk in your throat, voice box, esophagus, liver, colon and rectum, according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) — especially if you smoke. That may be because alcohol kills cells that have to replace themselves, “and in that process, mutations can occur,” notes Platz. The AICR notes that just one drink a day for women has also been linked to breast cancer. “The research is consistent, even if it’s not clear why,” says Platz.
One question Kennedy regularly gets asked: “Is it better to choose red wine over other alcohols?” She says, “While it’s better in terms of heart disease, for cancer risk it’s about the amount of alcohol, not the type,” adding that sugary mixed drinks can, however, add to weight gain. Guidelines from the ACS and other organizations limit women to one and men to two drinks daily.
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