Some pregnant women may be more susceptible to gum and tooth pain due to hormonal changes. Possible causes of a toothache include decay or sensitivity. A dentist should oversee treatment for decay, cavities and gum disease, but things can be done at home to assist this process. The New York State Health Department points out that dental concerns should be treated early in pregnancy to reduce the potential risk to the unborn child.
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Pain Relief Medicine
An over-the-counter pain reliever, such as acetaminophen, may provide short-term relief for a toothache. The American Pregnancy Association recommends that all pregnant women consult a doctor before taking any over-the-counter medication. In most cases, ibuprofen and aspirin are not considered safe during pregnancy. Pregnant women should take these medications only as often or for as long as a doctor recommends.
Warm Water Rinse
Brushing and flossing are important to everyone's daily routine, but these simple self-care tips can prevent more severe dental problems for a pregnant woman. The National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center recommends that a pregnant woman rinse with water after every meal when brushing isn't possible. The Mayo Clinic suggests that using warm water to rinse can help soothe a toothache and possibly remove any particles stuck between the teeth that could cause discomfort. Adding a teaspoon of salt may further assist in cleansing the area. Flossing regularly can prevent such pain if it is due to food lodged between the teeth.
A number of over-the-counter antiseptics can numb the gums and provide temporary pain relief. Benzocaine can be applied directly to an irritated tooth or to gums. Pregnant women should consult a doctor to find out whether use of this medicine is permissible. A natural antiseptic solution called oil of cloves can provide temporary pain relief as well.
Warm or cold compression can sometimes provide temporary relief for a toothache. A warm washcloth or water bottle can be applied to the side of the face where the pain persists. A cold cloth or pack of ice may also provide relief by numbing the area; this method can be used as often as necessary. The March of Dimes suggests applying ice to the gums when they become sore after brushing.