Gout is a form of arthritis that is often characterized by severe and sudden pain. Most commonly, symptoms of gout are felt in the big toe but can also affect other joints. According to the Purine Research Society, gout is one of the oldest known metabolic diseases and is caused by an overproduction of uric acid. A study published in the "New Zealand Medical Journal" found that patients with type-2 diabetes have a greater chance of developing gout. Eating foods lower in uric acid may help to reduce the chances of another painful gout attack.
Limit animal proteins in your diet. According to the Mayo Clinic, all animal products contain purines which can cause higher uric acid. Animal proteins with the most purines include organ meats, red meat and fatty fish.
Add more vegetables, fruits and whole wheat grains to your diet. These foods provide vitamins and minerals and help to maintain a healthy balance in your body.
Increase your water intake. Water can help to remove any uric acid buildup in your body. Drink at least eight glasses of water a day.
Avoid drinking alcohol. Alcohol interferes with the uric acid removal in your body.
Eat nonfat dairy products to reduce your chances of a gout flare-up. According to the Mayo Clinic, some research has linked lower fat dairy products to a lower risk of gout.
Avoid sugar. If you have diabetes, limiting your sugar intake is important for your health. Staying away from sugar is also important if you have had gout in the past. Although it is not known if sugar has an effect on uric acids in your body, eating sugar leads to obesity which is a risk factor for gout.
- The Purine Research Society: Recognizing Purine Metabolic Diseases
- "New Zealand Medical Journal"; High Prevalence of Gout in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: Male Sex, Renal Impairment, and Diuretic Use are Major Risk Factors; R. Suppiah, et al.; October 2008
- Gout and Uric Acid Education Society: Patient / Living with Gout / Diabetes
- May Clinic; Gout Diet; March 2010