Symptoms of a Bleeding Brain

Portrait of a mature man with his hand on his forehead
A man is suffering irritability and a headache. (Image: Medioimages/Photodisc/Photodisc/Getty Images)

A brain bleed is a medical emergency that occurs when you have head trauma or suffer a stroke. Brain bleeds can occur within your brain (intracranial hemorrhage) or on the outer portions of your brain (subarachnoid hemorrhage). Sometimes the blood vessels in your brain can spontaneously burst (cerebral hemorrhage) and threaten your life. High blood pressure and high cholesterol put you at risk for suffering a brain bleed. A bleeding brain presents with specific symptoms.

Immediate Symptoms

An intracerebral hemorrhage, also known as a stroke, occurs when your brain's blood vessels burst and leak into your brain. StrokeCenter.org says that this increases the pressure in your brain and leads to such immediate symptoms as trouble seeing, confusion, trouble speaking and a sudden and severe headache. An intracerebral hemorrhage can also cause problems comprehending speech, numbness of your arms, legs or face, dizziness, trouble walking, lack of coordination and unsteadiness.

Confusion and Fatigue

MedlinePlus says that a brain bleed can occur as a result of a brain aneurysm. This aneurysm (widening of your blood vessels) can burst and make you very confused and tired. You may not be oriented to person, place and time. For example, you may forget where you are, who you are and what day of the week it is. Fatigue is not the same as feeling drowsy. Rather, fatigue occurs when your energy levels are low. Along with fatigue, you can also assume a stupor. This refers to the condition in which you may no longer be aware of your surroundings, and you may go in and out of consciousness.

Other Symptoms

MedlinePlus says that other symptoms of a brain bleed include a drooping eyelid, seizures and pupils that are different in size. Seizures take place as a result of abnormal brain activity. Sometimes you lose control of your muscles and lose consciousness. A brain bleed can also cause irritability, a stiff neck, impulsiveness and problems controlling your temper.

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