Detecting eye problems in a 2-month-old infant can be difficult, since your baby can't tell you when something is wrong. However, some children are born with eye conditions or disorders, reports Eye Care America, and failure to detect these conditions can lead to deterioration of vision and possibly even blindness. Several signs may alert you to problems in your infant's eyes. If you notice these signs, you should consult with your child's doctor, who may refer you to a specialist.
Observe how well your child's eyes work as a "team." All About Vision reports that when your baby's eyes don't appear to be synchronized in their movements, this could indicate a condition called strabismus, in which the eyes are misaligned. If strabismus isn't detected and treated, it could lead to amblyopia, a condition you may know as "lazy eye." Keep in mind that it generally takes a few months for your baby's eyes to align, but if you notice a persistent lack of eye teaming, your child may benefit from an eye exam.
Take note of your baby's pupils. A white pupil could be a sign of infant cataracts, tumor, detached retina or inflammation, reports Eye Care America. If one pupil is larger than the other, according to Eye Care America, this could point to nerve damage or a tumor. If part of your baby's iris seems to be missing, this could suggest a defect inside the eye.
Look at your baby's eyelids and cornea. Unusually large corneas, which are the clear front part of the eye, may indicate glaucoma, says Eye Care America, particularly if your child's eyes seem very sensitive to light and tear up often. A drooping or swollen eyelid, or a lump on the eyelid, could indicate inflammation. If the lid is also red and hot to the touch, you should take your baby to the doctor right away. Drooping lids could also mean eye muscle weakness, Eye Care America reports.
Notice your baby's head positioning. If your baby frequently tilts her head to the side or points her chin downward, she may be trying to adapt to double vision or blurry vision, Eye Care America says.
Know your preemie risks. All About Vision reports that premature babies are particularly vulnerable to certain vision problems. If your baby is born prematurely, arrange for him to see a pediatric ophthalmologist.
Check out free options. According to All About Vision, the American Optometric Association has established the InfantSEE program, which provides free vision care for your baby's first year through participating optometrists.