If you're aiming to eat 3,000 calories a day to gain or maintain your weight, there are a few guidelines you can follow to make sure your diet is healthy and nutritious. Even a fairly easy high-calorie diet takes some planning.
Here's what you need to know to get started.
Who Should Follow a 3,000-Calorie Diet
How many calories you need each day depends on your age, body size, activity level and goals. With that said, there are two groups of people who may benefit from getting 3,000 calories a day:
1. Some Active Young Adults
According to the 2020-2025 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, people assigned male at birth who are between the ages of 15 and 35 and are active need at least 3,000 calories a day to maintain a healthy weight. In this case, "active" means that the person is doing physical activity equal to walking more than 3 miles a day at a brisk pace.
2. Some People Who Are Trying to Gain Weight
This may also be a good temporary calorie goal for someone who needs to gain weight, including people who have a BMI of less than 18.5 (this falls into the underweight category).
Weight gain occurs when you take in more calories than you burn. But the amount of calories needed to gain weight varies from person to person and is based on a few different factors, including your age, sex, current weight and activity level.
You'll need to start by calculating your maintenance calories, or how many calories you need each day to maintain your current weight. (Psst: You can do this using an online calculator such as LIVESTRONG.com's MyPlate app.) Then, to gain weight gradually, you'll want to add 250 to 500 daily calories to that number, which should help you gain up to 1 pound per week.
It's also a good idea to check with your doctor before you start a weight-gain diet plan, to make sure you're taking a healthy approach for your body and needs.
3 Healthy Tips for Eating 3,000 Calories a Day
It's definitely possible to get 3,000 daily calories and still eat healthy. Here are a few tips to keep in mind to make it easier:
1. Spread Calories Throughout the Day
If you have a high calorie goal like this, it's a good idea to distribute your calories throughout the day. This means you won't have to calorie-load any one specific meal. Expect to eat at least three meals and two snacks over the course of each day on this type of diet.
2. Balance Your Macronutrients
The American Academy of Family Physicians points out that a 3,000-calorie meal plan for athletes should be based on the same rules of good nutrition as any other healthy diet. Try to structure each meal or snack with the following macronutrient ratio:
- Protein: 10–15% of total calories
- Carbohydrates: 55–60%
- Fats: 25–35%
3. Include Produce
Make sure to eat plenty of fruits and vegetables. These foods are relatively low in calories, but they are rich in important vitamins and minerals.
You won't come close to meeting your 3,000-calories-a-day goal without devoting time to breakfast, especially if you live an athletic lifestyle. Ironically, however, the more active you are, the more likely you are to be dashing out the door without having eaten. It helps to have easy 3,000-calorie diet options at the ready.
That's where portable breakfasts come in. The American Heart Association's breakfast sandwich made with egg whites, vegetables and whole-grain bread delivers plenty of nutrients and is even compact enough to finish in the car, if needed. Whether you have it on the run or at the table, finish the meal with a cup of vegetable juice and a side of fruit, such as 1 cup of diced cantaloupe. The total for breakfast is 465 calories.
Other breakfast ideas:
- Charred Vegan Portobello "Steak" Breakfast Sandwich (366 calories)
- Egg, Organic Ham and Toast Scramble (327 calories)
- Milk 'n' Honey Toast (466 calories)
- Avocado Omelet With Herbs (337 calories)
Smoothies can provide you with extra calories and also a range of nutrients. That's why they're a fixture in a typical 3,000-calorie meal plan for athletes. The Mayo Clinic suggests a blend of yogurt, milk, protein powder and wheat germ, to make a generous 3-cup serving.
- Morning snack smoothie (608 calories)
Other smoothie recipes to try:
When you still have plenty of hours in the day to go, a high-calorie lunch can help keep your energy levels elevated. The Cleveland Clinic recommends nutritious, higher-calorie foods like quesadillas and apple slices with caramel.
Make the quesadilla with a whole-grain tortilla and a couple of slices of cheese, to be enjoyed at home or reheated at the office. A glass of milk rounds out the 972-calorie meal.
- Quesadilla (650 calories)
- 2 percent milk (122 calories)
- Apple slices with caramel (200 calories)
Other lunch ideas to try:
For a simple afternoon snack that delivers a balance of carbs and protein, the Cleveland Clinic suggests mixing a 6-ounce container of flavored yogurt with 1/2 cup of granola. Tasty additions like this help fill in the gaps between meals. Not only do they give you energy and satisfy your appetite, but they also help you make the goal of attaining a 3,000-calorie diet easier for people who dislike eating large amounts in one sitting.
- Yogurt and granola snack (300 calories)
More snack ideas:
ACE has also developed hearty recipes such as a Mexican-style casserole featuring beans and vegetables, which work well as side dishes in your 3,000-calorie meal plan. To balance out the richness of the steak and casserole, add a side salad, such as a spicy coleslaw. The total for this dinner is 653 calories.
- Steak strips with avocado and salsa (355 calories)
- Spicy coleslaw (55 calories)
- Southwestern casserole (243 calories)
Other dinner ideas to try:
Sometimes, of course, you may have missed a meal or a snack during the day, or simply still have room in your calorie "budget." In those cases, a sweet-but-healthy dessert can fill the gaps.
Foods to Limit or Avoid
No matter how many calories you're eating each day, the goal should be to get those calories from healthy, nutrient-dense foods and avoid or limit "empty-calorie" or nutrient-poor foods that could jeopardize your health. These include:
- Fried and fast foods, such as doughnuts, french fries and just about anything from a drive-thru
- Foods and drinks high in sugar, such as soda, sweetened coffee drinks, baked goods and candy
- Ultra-processed foods, which are packaged foods with very long ingredient lists that often include hard-to-pronounce terms
- American Academy of Family Physicians: "Nutrition for Athlete"
- American Heart Association: "Avocado Egg Spinach Sandwich"
- USDA: "Vegetable Juice"
- USDA: "Cantaloupe Melons"
- Mayo Clinic: "High-Calorie, High-Protein Smoothie"
- Cleveland Clinic: "Snack Ideas for Weight Gain"
- USDA: "2% Milk"
- American Council on Exercise: "Skillet-Roasted Strip Steaks With Pebre Sauce & Avocado"
- American Council on Exercise: "Chilaquiles Casserole"
- American Council on Exercise: "Mexican Coleslaw"
- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: "2020-2025 Dietary Guidelines for Americans"