Milia are small, benign whitish bumps that can develop on various body parts in people of all ages. The two main forms of this condition are primary and secondary milia. While primary milia are very common in newborns and appear mostly on their cheeks and noses, secondary milia can affect older children and adults. In newborns, the condition will clear up by itself in a few weeks and will not require treatment, assures MedlinePlus. Although it may be impossible to prevent primary milia in newborns, parents may attempt these precautionary measures to minimize secondary milia formation on the faces of older children.
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Wash your child’s face two to three times a day with warm water and a gentle cleanser. Pat the face dry with a soft towel. This can keep the face clean and skin ducts unblocked.
Use a light and oil-free moisturizer, if you use a moisturizer on your child’s face. Avoid using heavy or oil-based facial products because they may cause skin blockages that can lead to milia formation, suggests the Doctor Good Skin website.
Limit your child’s exposure to ultraviolet sun rays which are usually strongest between the mid-morning and afternoon hours. Either keep him indoors or apply an oil-free sunscreen on his face before he goes outdoors during these hours. He should also wear a hat while out in the sun. Excessive sun exposure can cause skin damage, thickening of the dermis and possible development of these facial bumps or cysts.
Avoid overusing lip balm to moisturize your child’s chapped lips. Some ingredients in certain lip balm products may cause milia to form around the mouth or lip area.
Prevent major trauma or blistering of the dermis on a child's face to minimize the occurrence of milia. If a serious skin trauma, such as a burn, affects sweat ducts, then milia formation may occur.