Influenza, or flu, is a viral infection that attacks the respiratory system, the Mayo Clinic says. The flu presents with a variety of symptoms including a high fever, nasal congestion and muscular aches. Earaches are not commonly associated with flu symptoms unless complications of the virus occur. The American Academy of Family Physicians explains that earaches happen when the ear canal becomes blocked by fluid, which then causes painful infection. In the event of an earache occurrence with flu symptoms, medical intervention is suggested. In the case of common flu or separate earache, simple remedies can help alleviate discomfort until the symptoms pass.
Rest to help your body fight the infection. In the case of the flu, take time to rest your body for your immune system to fight the virus. FamilyDoctor.org notes that rest is especially important if you have a fever. For an earache, rest is also important, but MotherNature.com suggests resting in an upright position to prompt ear drainage.
Drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration. The Mayo Clinic notes that drinking water, juice or soup broth is important to maintain hydration when you have the flu. Eating chicken soup also relieves flu symptoms by breaking up congestion. Try to avoid high sugar drinks, alcoholic beverages or sodas while you have the flu, because these types of drinks tend to dehydrate the body.
Use a warm compress or heating pad over your ear. The American Academy of Family Physicians explains that a warm compress on the ear can relieve the pain. MotherNature.com notes that using a hair dryer on the warm setting and held 20 inches from the ear also has the same effect of relieving pain.
Consider using an over-the-counter pain reliever with acetaminophen. FamilyDoctor.org explains that pain relievers do not cure the flu or earache, but they do make the symptoms more bearable.
Try a warm salt water gargle if your symptoms include a sore throat. FamilyDoctor.org suggests gargling a few times a day to relieve soreness.
Consult your physician if symptoms persist for more than two weeks or complications occur. Family Doctor notes that complications such as a prolonged fever above 102 degrees Fahrenheit, shortness of breath or confusion indicates need for immediate medical attention.
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To prevent contracting the flu, consider getting an annual flu vaccination from your primary care doctor.
The Mayo Clinic warns not to use aspirin for pain relief in children due to the risk of a potentially fatal disease called Reye's Syndrome.