How to Heal a Light Skin Burn

A light skin burn would be classified as first-degree and affect only the outer layer of skin. Symptoms of a first-degree burn include reddening, some swelling and pain. If your burn blisters, it has moved beyond the first-degree stage into second-degree. Minor burns may not require professional medical care and rarely scar. If you are unsure of the extent of the burn or the source, you should see a doctor. However, if the burn is first-degree and covers a small surface area, it is possible to provide first-aid at home.

Antibiotic ointment, clean cloth and swabs on a white surface. (Image: dina2001/iStock/Getty Images)

Step 1

Evaluate the burn. This means determining the source and severity of the burn. If the burn is thermal or mild sunburn, treat this burn with first-aid at home. Skin exposed to a flame or hot object will have a thermal burn. Burns that cover large surface areas or that are on the hands, face, feet or genital area may have complications and require medical evaluation.

Step 2

Cool the burn immediately with water. Go to the nearest sink and turn on the cold water. Place the burned area under the cold, running water. If the burn is not in an easily accessible spot, then place a cool compress on the area. Saturate a clean towel with cold water and lay it on the burn.

Step 3

Cover the burn with an antibiotic ointment. Do not apply the ointment until the burn has been cooled. Applying grease or ointment to a hot burn allows skin to continue to burn. Once the cold water has done its job, protect the burn against infection with the antibiotic. It is not necessary to cover the burn. Simply smooth the ointment over the area and leave it alone.

Step 4

Reapply ointment once or twice a day as needed. One application may be enough for very mild burns. Monitor the burn and look for signs of infection. Any open skin, red streaks or drainage may indicate infection. Go to the doctor if the wound is not healing and shows any sign of infection.

Things You'll Need

  • Cold water

  • Clean cloth

  • Antibiotic ointment

Tip

Do not apply ice to a burn. Burned skin may not be sensitive to the damage ice can cause, such as frostbite. Cold water is just as effective and will not further damage the skin.

Warning

Even a minor burn caused by a chemical, such as acid, requires medical treatment. Do not attempt to treat a chemical burn at home. Get the chemical off the skin if possible following the product directions, and then go to the hospital. Do not assume water is the best choice for a chemical burn. Some chemicals will heat up with water. Read the label and find out how to treat an emergency. Call 911 if you cannot get the chemical off the skin.

Skin is your body’s protection against infection. If the skin breaks open, have a doctor evaluate the wound. Diabetics and those with compromised immune systems should seek out medical care for any burn, even minor.

REFERENCES & RESOURCES
Load comments
PARTNER & LICENSEE OF THE LIVESTRONG FOUNDATION

Copyright © 2019 Leaf Group Ltd. Use of this web site constitutes acceptance of the LIVESTRONG.COM Terms of Use , Privacy Policy and Copyright Policy . The material appearing on LIVESTRONG.COM is for educational use only. It should not be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. LIVESTRONG is a registered trademark of the LIVESTRONG Foundation. The LIVESTRONG Foundation and LIVESTRONG.COM do not endorse any of the products or services that are advertised on the web site. Moreover, we do not select every advertiser or advertisement that appears on the web site-many of the advertisements are served by third party advertising companies.