Your skin 's natural color is a result of melanin which is responsible for pigmentation. When your skin produces excess melanin, a condition known as hyperpigmentation occurs, leaving you with darkened skin tone in certain areas.. Hyperpigmentation is caused by sun damage, health concerns, or previous skin inflammation. Consult your dermatologist before attempting to treat hyperpigmentation at home, so as to determine any underlying medical conditions that may require professional treatment.
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Apply over-the-counter aloe vera gel or the gel from a fresh aloe vera plant to your skin daily. According to the website SkinWhitening.org, aloe vera gel is a highly effective home treatment for hyperpigmentation, with results becoming noticeable within a few months.
Apply an over-the-counter hydroquinine cream to fade hyperpigmentation, suggests Medline Plus. Hydroquinine creams work by breaking down abundant melanin formations, and redistributing pigmentation. Do not use for more than three weeks as there is a risk of your skin becoming too light, a condition known as hypopigmentation.
Visit your dermatologist for a chemical peel to remove the damaged layers of skin and promote proper melanin distribution, suggests SkinWhitening.org. Chemical peels are natural fruit acids and lactic acids used to slough off the outer layers of skin to give it a more even tone.
Consult your dermatologist for laser therapy to reduce hyperpigmentation. Laser therapy involves targeting melanin deposits with a high concentrated beam of light. This causes melanin to be redistributed through your skin, lightening dark areas.
Apply sunscreen and skin coverings when going outdoors. According to MedLine Plus, this will protect your skin from further damage and hyperpigmentation. Further sun damage will sabotage your efforts at skin lightening.