Keloids are believed to be caused by a hereditary condition. This condition causes scar tissue to over grow after damage to the skin. These lumps on the skin are made of collagen and are not communicable to others. Keloids may be slightly painful and itchy but other than that they rarely cause any other symptoms.
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Get diagnosed by your dermatologist. In many cases raised scars that are not keloids and require no treatment. These scars diminish overtime. In the early stages of development keloids and ordinary raised scars are hard to distinguish from each other.
Apply over the counter topical agents that contain silicone. According to the experts at Skincarephysician.com, silicone treatments are effective in reducing the size of 34 percent of Keloid scars when used continuously for six months.
Get an intralesional steroid injection, a common treatment for curbing keloid growth if over the counter medications are not effective. This treatment may take six weeks to produce results.
Apply tretinoin if recommended by your dermatologist. This is a prescription acne medication that has been known to reduce itching and pain caused by a keloid scar. Applying this medication twice daily in combination with steroids has been known to produce better and faster results.
Undergo radiation or laser therapy. These procedures are performed by your dermatologist. Pulse dye lasers reduce the itching, pain and the size of the keloid. Radiation has been found effective on keloids that have been present less than five months.
Undergo surgery. In cases where injections, creams, radiation and laser therapy yield no results your dermatologist may recommend surgery. The surgery may be followed by injections, pressure or radiation treatments to prevent the regrowth of the scar.