Burn scars can be particularly unsightly, and, even worse, can serve as an unpleasant reminder of a terrifying experience. Unfortunately, such scars are often difficult to heal properly. And reminders can persist despite treatments. As skin grafts are often necessary treatment, gaps in the skin must be pulled together, resulting in tightness and abnormal appearance. The application of some ointments and other treatments, along with continuous pressure, however, can help decrease the effects of scarring and return a burn's appearance to normal.
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Apply a fatty ointment to the affected area. According to the American Journal of Dermatology, the application of such fatty ointments can limit scar tissue growth because the ointment penetrates easily into the surrounding tissue and a fatty milieu around the scar limits non-infectious inflammation and irritation by allowing the scar tissue to be shed in layers and replaced by healthier skin. Keep applications up twice a day for a few months.
Apply a silicone spray to the affected area. Silicone is a very common application for the prevention and healing of scars. According to the British Medical Journal, silicone sprays are preferred in the case of burns because the spray disseminates to a large area and eliminates the need for rubbing it onto tender, sensitive burned skin to apply it.
Apply continuous pressure with silicone sheet garments to the affected area. According to AbateIt.com, continuous pressure applied to burned surfaces has encouraging results because it curbs the formation of interstitial edema—fluid that collects between layers of newly-formed tissue that bloats a scarred area—and stops the development of new capillaries. Wrap the burned area in a silicone sheet garment at enough pressure to keep the wrap in place, but not enough to restrict blood-flow or cause discomfort.
Use a splint, especially if the burned area is the neck, the upper extremities, or hands. Splinting restricts movement and immobilization softens scar tissue, Drugs.com notes.