Fungus in the ear is commonly caused by the fungus aspergillus, or candida. This condition is also called otomycosis. Fungal infection of the ear is commonly seen in tropical climates. It is more common in hot climates and in highly humid conditions. Fungus can cause pain, decrease in hearing, pus-like discharge and itching. To get rid of the fungus, your ear needs thorough cleaning and anti-fungal drops.
The ear block, which occurs due to the fungal debris, needs to be cleaned thoroughly. An ENT specialist will clean your ear canal under a special microscope. A special suction may be required to suck out the fungus. The ear may need repeated cleaning for two to three weeks, as the fungus tends to grow and recur. Cleaning and drying of the ear is essential so that the anti-fungal drops can reach the ear and work well. You should keep your ear dry and take utmost care to keep water out of your ears. Moisture can precipitate fungal growth, so you need to restrict swimming. Cotton swabs should not be used to clean the ear.
Drugs that act against the fungus are called antifungal drugs. Topical clotrimazole or ketoconazole drops are very effective and may be needed for one to three weeks. Fungal infections are difficult to treat, and several weeks of treatment may be needed to clear the fungus. Very rarely, aspergillus may be resistant to clotrimazole drops, and you may need itraconazole tablets.
Instilling warm olive oil into the ear once every two months can prevent excess wax build up. Adding white vinegar and warm water to the ears also can help prevent fungus. Garlic crushed in olive oil can also be put in the ear with the help of a cotton ball.
Many ear drops have been tried for ear fungus. According to experts at Baylor College of Medicine, aluminium acetate and cresylate ear drops are quiet effective for the fungus. Two percent acetic acid, three times daily for a week treats the fungal infection. Antibiotic ear drops should be avoided in those with otomycosis. Antibiotics do not kill the fungus and can worsen the fungal growth. Fungal growth can flourish in diabetic patients. The blood sugar should be kept under control to prevent this.