SkinMedica’s line of skin care products should be purchased through an authorized medical spa or medical practice. There is a list of 10 resale markets on SkinMedica's website that sell the products that SkinMedica states are unauthorized internet sellers. When buying their chemical peel line of products, it is important to purchase and have the product applied under medical supervision. Besides the water that is in both the prepping solution and the peeling solution of the Vitalize Peel system, there are seven ingredients.
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Acetone is part of the peeling solution portion of SkinMedica’s Vitalize Peel. Used most frequently in nail polish removers, it is a solvent and a denaturant. Solvents dissolve other ingredients and are used for that purpose, while denaturants are typically added to items to make the flavor bitter in order to deter possible drinking of the solution.
Isopropyl alcohol is in both the prepping solution and the peeling solution. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) allows the use of isopropyl alcohol for secondary direct food additives in the purpose of a solvent, lubricant and release agent. It can lower the thickness of products and can kill microorganism growth and prevent regrowth.
Salicylic acid is part of the peeling solution. A beta hydroxy acid (BHA), salicyclic acid acts as an exfoliant and effective anti-acne medication. Exfoliants remove dead skin cells from the surface of the skin. Salicylic acid improves collagen production and thickness of the skin according to the Cosmetics Cop. Salicylic acid derives itself from common aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) and so has anti-inflammatory properties as well.
Resorcinol is added to the peeling solution in the Vitalize Peel. This chemical has been found in coffee, molasses and even cigarette smoke, according to Cosmetics Info. While mostly used in hair dyes, it can also be an antiseptic agent for acne and skin defects. The Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) has reviewed its safety and listed it as safe in cosmetics. That review was upheld as lately as 2006.
Lactic acid is also an ingredient in the peeling solution. An alpha hydroxy acid (AHA), it is used in many cosmetics, hair dyes and hair care items. The FDA has it listed as GRAS, or generally recognized as safe, as a direct food additive and the Cosmetics Ingredient Review (CIR) lists it safe for cosmetic usage. It functions as an exfoliant, humectant, and a skin conditioner. Humectants add moisture to skin and hair and skin conditioners, which affect the visual appearance of skin by making it look softer and smoother.
Panthenol is an ingredient in the peeling solution. Also known as pantothenic acid or vitamin B5, it is added to moisturizers, hair products, and cosmetics. On skin it acts like a lubricant and keeps things gliding smoothly. It also makes skin smooth.
Isoceteth-20 is part of the peeling solution. Cosmetics Unmasked shows isoceteth-20 as a fatty acid derivative that acts like an emulsifier. Emulsifiers blend oils and water together.