ref 1 - drugs still 1st line but consider non-drug measures how breathing exercises help Slow Breathing
more effect yoga Fast Breathing
Lowering Blood Pressure
Doctors measure two points of your blood pressure. The higher number, called the systolic pressure, measures the pressure of blood surging into your blood vessels when your heart squeezes or contracts. The lower number, called the diastolic pressure, measures the pressure in your blood vessels when your heart is at rest. Both numbers are measured as mm Hg or millimeters of mercury. A person with hypertension wiill have asystolic reading of higher than 140 mm Hg or a diastolic reading of higher than 90 mm Hg, or both. (Ref. ) Prehypertension _
Sometimes high blood pressure can be corrected by treating an underlying disease or condition, such as . Most people with high blood pressure have essential hypertension, which means that **. Essential hypertension is treated by lifestyle changes such as increasing exercise, reducing salt and eating more healthfully if the person's blood pressure is less than** . The JNC-7 recommends that people with blood pressure readings of or higher should start on prescribed medications. CAM - can combine People with normal blood pressure levels do not require treatment but they can benefit from lifestyle changes.
slow breathing, device-assisted, yoga, meditation, aerobic dynamic, aerobic resistant general medication
Some evidence of short-term benefits but many studies were done by manufacturer (check FDA website) (Resource 1 & 2 - need full article) Ref 1 - RESPeRATE - 5mmHg reduction SP responses
yoga has short-term results but not long-term
what works - diet, exercise, less alcohol, no smoking
Is This an Emergency?
- Hypertension: Beyond Medications and Diet: Alternative Approaches to Lowering Blood Pressure
- Hypertension: Implications of New Hypertension Guidelines in the United States
- The Journal of Clinical Hypertension: Nondrug Interventions for Treatment of Hypertension
- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: The Seventh Report of the National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure
- The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Stress Management Versus Lifestyle Modification on Systolic Hypertension and Medication Elimination: A Randomized Trial
- The Cochrane Library: Relaxation Therapies for the Management of Primary Hypertension in Adults