A number of things can cause you to have a puffy or swollen face in the morning. Some are serious, but most are minor and common problems. Although this swelling usually doesn't signify any major condition, if this is a consistent problem for you or becomes a concern, consider visiting a medical professional.
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Possible Causes of a Swollen Face
As with nearly any symptom, there are many possible causes for a swollen face in the morning. There is typically no need to worry about an occasional or slightly swollen face, unless it becomes painful, there is discoloring, or it is accompanied by other unexplained symptoms. Some of the more common reasons for a swollen or puffy face upon waking are an allergic reaction, insect bite, drug reaction, or tooth problem.
What to Check for if You Have a Swollen Face
If you are experiencing a swollen face in the morning, there are a few things to check for. The National Institutes of Health says you should first consider any recent trauma to your body such as dental work, burn or abrasion to the face. Gently press on the face to determine if any pain exists. Keep track of how long the swelling lasts. Determine what makes it better or worse. Look for other anomalies that occur at the same time of the swelling. For example, do you feel weak, dizzy, are other parts of your body swollen, or is there discoloration?
Home Treatment for a Swollen Face
Treatment options vary depending on the cause of the swelling. If a recent injury is suspected, contact a medical professional for specific advice. A swollen or puffy face can be treated with a cold compress made with either ice or some other cold substance set on the swollen area. Your head should remain elevated, ideally supported with a couple of pillows.
When to See a Doctor for a Swollen Face
If you experience sudden or painful swelling of the face, consider visiting a doctor. Furthermore, if the swelling is accompanied by redness, tenderness, infection, difficulty breathing, or if swelling has lasted for a longer time than you are comfortable with, contact your doctor, the NIH recommends.
What to Expect at a Doctor Visit
A basic medical history will likely be taken. In addition, expect questions about your diet, allergies, insect bites, any drugs or medication, and any other symptoms that may be present. These symptoms include swollen feet or hands, pain, difficulty breathing, rashes, red eyes, and more. Your doctor will perform an office exam to detect recent injuries and may order lab work and x-rays.