What Are the Causes of Cramps in Feet?

cause - shoes? obesity? swimming? activity? new or chronic? when? dehydration, vitamin D red flags Stretching

ref 1 - golf ball, stretches, also ref 2

heat

massage

OTC meds pickle juice if exercise related (Ref. 4) very small study, mostly anecdotal. Salt Prevention

Key Concepts

plantar fasciitis
muscle spasms

References

Swimfit: Swimfit Training Camp: Avoiding Foot Cramp [http://www.swimming.org/swimfit/swimfit-tips/swimfit-training-camp-avoiding-foot-cramp/11755/]
AAOS: Foot and Ankle Conditioning Program [http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00667]
AAOS: Muscle Cramp [http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00200]
Journal of Athletic Training: Electrolyte and Plasma Changes After Ingestion of Pickle Juice, Water, and a Common Carbohydrate-Electrolyte Solution [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2742453/]
Clinical Skills in Treating the Foot; Warren A. Turner & Linda M. Merriman (eds.) [http://books.google.com/books?id=9YdbXyiR-0UC&pg=PA194&dq=foot+spasm&hl=en&sa=X&ei=eOeOUu2gDKH6iwLnoIHYDA&ved=0CFQQ6AEwAw#v=snippet&q=spasm&f=false]

Overuse

swimming, running prevent by warming up, starting slowly

neuro - spasms PD, MS hypoparathyroidism

Is This an Emergency?

If you are experiencing serious medical symptoms, seek emergency treatment immediately.
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