List of Noninfectious Diseases

Diseases can cause a number of symptoms to any part of the body. Communicable diseases are ones that are spread by an infection when you come in contact with someone who has it. Noninfectious diseases do not spread and they are generally caused from genetics, environmental factors or deficiencies in nutrition.

Celiac Disease

Gluten is a protein found in rye, wheat, barley, and any product that is made with these grains such as bread, bagels, muffins, cakes, crusts and cookies. Celiac disease is a condition where the intestines suffer a bad reaction to gluten-containing products when they are consumed. The end result is stomach upset, diarrhea, bloating and pain in the joints.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a condition where the muscles in the digestive tract do not function properly. Food ends up getting pushed along too quickly or too slowly. Symptoms that can take place with this noninfectious disease include intermittent bouts of diarrhea and constipation, bloating, gas, loss of appetite and emotional distress.

Cancer

Cancer comes in many forms and it can attack any part of the body. It is caused when healthy cells become mutated and they clump together to form tumors. There are many treatments for cancer, but there is no known cure. It is also noninfectious. According to the American Cancer Society, colorectal, breast, prostate and skin cancer were the most prevalent types of cancer in the United States in 2006.

Diabetes

When carbohydrates are eaten, they get converted to glucose which is blood sugar. To stabilize blood sugar levels, the pancreas releases insulin. In people that have diabetes, a noninfectious disease, the pancreas does not release insulin properly or at all in the most severe cases. This can cause kidney failure, blindness, nerve damage and heart problems.

Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia is a condition where an individual suffers chronic fatigue and his body can become very tender. Pain can be felt in the joints, muscles and various pressure points located behind the head, between the shoulder blades, on the inner knees, on the outer elbows and at the upper hips.

Narcolepsy

Narcolepsy is a chronic sleeping disorder that causes a major disruption in a person's life. According to the Stanford School of Medicine, this disease affects more than 1 in 2,000 Americans. It is characterized by a constant feeling of fatigue and sleepiness that can also include dream-like hallucinations and moments where the individual is paralyzed.

Osteoporosis

The bones require minerals and nutrients to stay healthy. They also need to be worked just like muscles to maintain their strength. If these variables are missing, a person can develop a condition called "osteoporosis." This is a noninfectious disease that most commonly takes place in older women and it is characterized by a low bone mineral density. Bones can become weak and brittle with this disease, and be more prone to getting fractured.

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