Scoliosis is a disorder of the muscoskeletal system that causes the spine to develop an abnormal sideways curvature of the spine that occurs most often during the growth spurt just before puberty. Scoliosis usually occurs in children during rapid growth spurts but it can also occur in adults. While scoliosis can be caused by condition. Ws such as cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy, the cause of most scoliosis is unknown.
Most cases of scoliosis are mild, but some children develop spine deformities that continue to get more severe as they grow. Severe scoliosis can be disabling. An especially severe spinal curve can reduce the amount of space within the chest, making it difficult for the lungs to function properly.