Merlot refers to a specific type of red grape, originally from the Bordeaux region of France. In the USA, merlot vineyards can be found in California and Washington. Chile also exports merlot wines. Yellowtail began producing wine around 2000 and has become an international success. Yellowtail, based in Yenda, Australia, is now the leading exporter of wine to the USA. According to the Wine Lover's Page, the USA does not require winemakers to include nutrition labels on bottles or boxes, making analysis of individual wines difficult. However, some nutritional facts are available on Yellowtail's website.
Ingredients in a Merlot
Red wine is made from fermented grapes. According to the Wine Lover's Page, the grape itself already contains pulp, juice, sugars, acids, tannins and minerals. The winemaker sometimes adds cultured yeast, which interacts with the natural sugars in grapes to produce carbon dioxide and alcohol. During the aging process, wine is usually transported from one container to another several times to remove sediment from the bottom. Sulfur dioxide is also added during fermentation to control the growth of yeast.
According to Yellowtail's website, a 150 ml glass of red wine has 120 calories. The University of Iowa Healthcare Center recommends that sedentary women and older adults consume about 1,600 calories daily, children, active women and sedentary men, 2,200 calories, and active men and women, as well as teenage boys, 2,800 calories.
A 150 ml glass of Yellowtail's red wine contains approximately 1.6 carbohydrates. According to the University of Iowa Healthcare Center, carbohydrates contain 4 calories per gram. Carbohydrates are a good source of energy to the body, as they are highly digestible and enter the bloodstream quickly. The University of Iowa Healthcare Center suggests consuming foods high in carbohydrates and low in fat as a way to prevent many diseases.
Other Nutritional Facts
While Yellowtail doesn't present this information, the Wine Lover's Page explains that a typical glass of wine contains about 7 g of sodium and 0.28 g of protein. Red wine contains no fat or cholesterol. On their website, Yellowtail asserts that all their wines are gluten-free. All red varieties of Yellowtail are vegan.
Health Benefits of Wine
According to the Mayo Clinic, red wine offers a number of health benefits. Most notably, red wine contains antioxidants, which protect the lining of the blood vessels in the heart. Red wine has two types of antioxidants: flavonoids and non-flavonoids. Flavonoids are commonly found in juices, tea and cocoa. Non-flavonoids are rarer and may offer additional benefits by preventing arteries from getting clogged. Further, red wine contains resveratrol, which is believed to prevent damage to blood vessels and reduce cholesterol. The Mayo Clinic recommends drinking in moderation for optimal health benefits; this is about two glasses a day for men and one for women.