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Does Coconut Oil Help Blood Sugar Levels?

author image Patricia Culpepper
Patricia Culpepper is an Atlanta-based writer who specializes in health and fitness, gardening and general lifestyle pieces. She holds a Bachelor of Business Administration in information systems from the University of Georgia. Additionally, she received a certificate in ornamental horticulture from Gwinnett Technical College and is a certified Level I CrossFit Trainer.
Does Coconut Oil Help Blood Sugar Levels?
A dollup of coconut oil in a glass bowl. Photo Credit: SageElyse/iStock/Getty Images

Controlling your blood sugar level is an ongoing concern when you have diabetes. Your diet, activity level and medications all have a role in the complex metabolic processes involved in regulating blood sugar levels. Some people advocate consuming coconut oil to help control blood sugar levels. As of publication, however, a search of the medical literature reveals no evidence that coconut oil directly improves blood sugar levels.

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Saturated Fat Content

Coconut oil is more than 85 percent saturated fat. According to the American Diabetes Association's November 2013 nutrition guidelines, few studies have examined the relationship between the amount of saturated fat in the diet and blood sugar control. However, there is a well-known increased risk for heart disease among people living with diabetes. The ADA recommends limiting saturated fat -- including tropical oils such as coconut oil -- to no more than 10 percent of total calories to reduce the risk for heart disease. The American Heart Association recommends that less than 7 percent of calories come from saturated fat.

Saturated Fat Type May Matter

Coconut oil is a medium-chain fatty acid, whereas most saturated fats are long chain-fatty acids. Compared to long-chain fatty acids, medium-chain fatty acids are more easily metabolized. They provide quicker energy and are not typically stored as body fat. Since fat metabolism is closely linked to other metabolic processes that affect blood sugar regulation, there is interest in exploring whether medium-chain fatty acids may indirectly affect insulin or blood sugar levels. However, as of the time of publication, these studies have not been conducted in people to determine if there is any role for medium-chain fatty acids, such as coconut oil, in the diets of people living with diabetes.

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