The shoulder can rotate to 180 degrees, according to the American Academy of Family Physicians. This flexibility, however, also makes the shoulder susceptible to injuries and pain. Rotator cuff tears, clavicle fractures and dislocations may require surgical intervention for repair. Many over-the-counter supplements are purported to help heal shoulder and musculoskeletal injuries, but supplements should be taken with caution, as they are not approved by the FDA as a cure or treatment for any disease or condition.
Glucosamine and Chondroitin
Usually available together, glucosamine and chondroitin are essential parts of human cartilage. The Sports Injury Clinic website states that glucosamine and chondroitin can be used after any musculoskeletal injury to assist the body in repairing and manufacturing cartilage. Chondroitin alters the permeability of tissues and cartilage, and allows increased blood flow which can flood the shoulder with healing nutrients.
Vitamins C and E
Potent antioxidants, vitamins C and E are commonly found in foods and supplements. According to TheBodyWorker.com, vitamin E can decrease muscle cramping that can re-injure the shoulder joint and supporting tissues. Vitamin C assists immune system function, which will boost healing time. Vitamin C is also thought to play a role in collagen formation, the lubricating substance of joints.
Garlic, Echinacea and Calcium
Many supplements are endorsed to aid the body's natural healing response, decrease inflammation and promote healing. Garlic, whether in pill or its natural form, is known as an anti-inflammatory and may reduce the inflammation in the injured shoulder joint, notes Sports Injury Clinic. Garlic is also acclaimed to assist in blood circulation, which could improve the blood flow and therefore healing. Echinacea is also an anti-inflammatory herb that can work with vitamin C to boost the immune response. Calcium is a necessary mineral that is a component of muscular tissues and bone. Calcium supplements may assist the body to repair tissues such as muscles and rebuild bones after fractures.