The BMI, or Body Mass Index, is a calculation of the healthiness of an individual based on their height to weight ratio. It provides a reference point for classifying obesity. When a BMI score comes back at a level that is deemed too high, it is important to try to lower your BMI. To lower BMI, it is necessary to understand what goes in to the calculations and what you can do to change them.
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Adjust for Body Type
One way to change your BMI numbers is to adjust the readings to suit your body type, according to the Food Standards Agency. For example, people with dense muscle mass often get high initial BMI numbers due to their relatively high weight for their height. However, these numbers can be revised down by selecting a different chart better suited to the true body type in question.
One of the key levers in the BMI is weight. The other is height, but as adults it is difficult to do much about the height side of the equation. As a result, to lower BMI it is necessary to lower your weight. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, one of the better ways to lose weight to lower your BMI is to exercise more. It is important to stay active to keep your weight down and keep your BMI numbers trending lower instead of higher. Talking with a physical therapist, personal trainer or medical professional about the options for becoming more active will help you get the exercise you need for your body type and current health condition.
Another option for moving the weight lever on the BMI equation is to change your diet. According to the CDC, part of what drives the BMI numbers is weight due to fat. By overcoming the common roadblocks to weight loss and embracing a dietary lifestyle change, it is possible to lose the unwanted pounds and lower your BMI more effectively.