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How Many Calories Do Negative Calorie Foods Burn?

author image Jon Williams
Jon Williams is a clinical psychologist and freelance writer. He has performed, presented and published research on a variety of psychological and physical health issues.
How Many Calories Do Negative Calorie Foods Burn?
A platter containing sliced celery and carrots. Photo Credit: BWFolsom/iStock/Getty Images

Advocates of negative calorie diets suggest that the energy you use to chew, swallow, digest and excrete certain foods exceeds the caloric content of the food. They claim, for example, you can spend 80 calories digesting 25 calories of broccoli. Credible research raises questions about these claims.

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Alleged Negative Calorie Foods

Low-calorie, high-fiber foods that reportedly take more than they give include fruits such as apples, blueberries, cantaloupes, grapefruits, honeydew melons, raspberries and strawberries, as well as vegetables such as asparagus, broccoli, cabbage, carrot, cauliflower, celery, cucumber, green beans, salad greens, tomatoes and zucchini.

Thermic Effect of Food

The thermic effect of food -- the amount of energy used to consume, digest and eliminate it -- has been scientifically established to be far less than proponents of negative calorie diets claim, according to On average, the daily thermic effect of all foods people consume is about 10 percent of the total caloric value. The thermic effect for fats is 3 to 5 percent; for carbs it is 10 to 15 percent; and for protein it is about 30 percent.

Fudging the Numbers

If you weigh 150 pounds, you use 68 calories per hour sitting and watching TV. A 1-cup serving of celery contains only 16 calories once you adjust for the thermic effect. So, eat that cup of celery slowly while watching 15 minutes of TV and you will burn all the celery calories and a few extra.

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