Bologna is a hybrid meat product made from a blend of pork and beef. Bologna is often served sliced, as a deli meat for use in sandwiches. Bologna differs from some other deli meats in that it is quite high in fat, but it is still rich in protein, so it shares some similarities with other sandwich meats.
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Bologna is relatively high in calories, as a 2 oz. serving of the meat contains 150 calories. That amount comprises less than 8 percent of the daily suggested intake of 2,000 calories but is three times the amount of calories a 2 oz. serving of sliced turkey provides. Bologna is not the best choice for dieting.
Bologna is calorie-dense because it's high in fat. A 2 oz. serving of bologna provides 13 g of fat, which is just 1 g less than a cup of ice cream would provide. Of the fat in bologna, 5 g comes from saturated fat, a type of fat that may increase your cholesterol levels and risk of cardiovascular disease. The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute recommends consuming less than 7 percent of your calories from saturated fat to control cholesterol. If you eat 2,000 calories each day, that equates to less than 15.5 g.
Bologna is moderately rich in protein, as each 2 oz. serving contains 7 g. That amount is 1 g more than an egg provides, although eggs are much lower in calories, with 70. Your body needs protein to survive, as protein provides amino acids, the building blocks for your cells and tissues.
As with other meats, bologna provides minimal carbohydrates. A 2 oz. serving of the meat contains just 1 g of carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are your body's primary source of fuel, but you'll get plenty of them from bread if you eat bologna on a sandwich.
A potential area of concern when consuming bologna is the sodium content. A 2 oz. serving contains 530 mg of sodium, or 23 percent of the daily recommended intake of 2,300 mg. Consuming high levels of sodium may increase your risk of high blood pressure.
Each 2 oz. serving of bologna contains 35 mg of cholesterol. That amount comprises 17.5 percent of the 200 mg suggested as a daily limit by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute.
Vitamins and Minerals
Bologna is not a rich source of vitamins and minerals. Each 2 oz. serving contains 4 percent of the daily suggested intake of iron, but the meat doesn't provide significant levels of other nutrients.