Collard greens may be worth considering for health additions to your diet. These dark-green leafy vegetables provide iron, vitamin K, folate, calcium and the antioxidants lutein and zeaxanthin. They may even help you prevent gout or reduce your symptoms when you eat collard greens in moderation as part of a healthy diet.
Gout, or gouty arthritis, is a painful form of arthritis that results from the buildup of uric acid in your joints. Some unmodifiable risk factors for gout include older age, male gender and family history of gout. Some ways to lower your risk for gout are to limit your alcohol consumption to a maximum of one drink per day for women and two drinks for men, to limit sugar and to stay hydrated. Saturated fat raises your risk for gout, so avoid cooking your collard greens in solid fats such as butter or bacon fat.
Uric acid is a product that your body makes as part of the process of breaking down purines from food. Your risk for gout may decrease when you choose vegetarian protein sources and limit your intake of animal proteins, which are high-purine foods. Instead of meat, fish, shellfish or poultry, you could eat your collard greens with high-protein plant-based foods such as black-eyed peas or soy-based meat substitutes.
Losing extra weight or maintaining a healthy weight lowers your risk for developing gout. Collard greens can be part of a calorie-controlled diet because each cup has only 49 calories. You can use greens and other low-calorie vegetables as side dishes or add them to soups, stews, casseroles or other recipes to make your meals bigger, and more filling, without adding many calories. Raw, steamed or boiled collard greens are low in calories, but the calories will be higher if you cook your greens in fat, such as butter or oil.
A potential benefit of collard greens for gout is their 5.3 grams of dietary fiber per cup, since dietary fiber lowers levels of cholesterol in your blood. High cholesterol is a risk factor for gout. You may also be at risk for gout when your blood pressure is high. Collard greens cooked without salt have only 30 milligrams of sodium per cup, and they provide 220 milligrams of potassium, which is necessary for regulating blood pressure. They have 35 milligrams, or 58 percent of the daily value, of vitamin C, which may lower your risk for gout, according to the Linus Pauling Institute Micronutrient Information Center.